Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | March 1, 2015

VIEWS 1
| Download 1

Morphological variation,cultivation techniques and management practices of Moringa oleifera in Southern Benin (West Africa)

Eric E. Agoyi, Elie A. Padonou, Amoussa W., Achille E. Assogbadjo, Romain Glèlè Kakaï, Brice Sinsin

Key Words:


Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.6(3), 97-105, March 2015

Certification:

IJAAR 2015 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

This study examined the phenotypic variation and the modalities for integrating Moringa oleifera in agroforestry systems in southern Benin in order to contribute to sustainable management of the species. Morphological characterization of M. oleifera based on measurements taken on the trees, leaves, leaflets and fruits, and ethno-botanical survey on cultivation techniques and management of plantation of the species were performed. The morphological analysis showed significant variation between populations of M. oleifera in the phytodistricts considered in relation to tree height, leaf length, petiole diameter, length and width of leaflets (P <0.001); length, median diameter and fresh weight of pods (P <0.01). In the phytodistricts considered in the southern Benin, the culture of M. oleifera was mainly by cuttings (92.85 to 97.8%) and row planting (91.83 to 98.03%). The adoption rate of M. oleifera varied between 89.79 and 97.05%. There was significant dependence between the management practices and the willing for adoption (ΔG2 = 5.59, P = 0.018), between management practices and the origin of planting materials (ΔG2 = 5.50, P = 0.019).

VIEWS 1

Copyright © 2015
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Morphological variation,cultivation techniques and management practices of Moringa oleifera in Southern Benin (West Africa)

Agoyi EE, Assogbadjo AE, Gouwakinnou G, Okou FAY, Sinsin B. 2014. Ethnobotanical Assessment of Moringa oleifera in the Southern Benin (West Africa). Ethnobotany Research and Applications 12, 551-560.

Aissi AK, Pazou EY, Ahoyo TA, Fah L, Fanou B, Koumolou L, Koudokpon H, Agbangla C, Gnandi K, Loko F, Edorh AP. 2014. Evaluation of Toxicological Risk Related to Presence of Lead and Cadmium in Moringa oleifera Lam. Leaves Powders Marketed in Cotonou (Benin). Food and Nutrition Sciences 5, 770-778.

Ali Z, Basra SMA, Munir H, Mahmood A, Yousaf S. 2011. Mitigation of drought stress in maize by natural and synthetic growth promoters. Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and the Social Sciences 7, 56-62.

Amaglo NK, Timpo GM, Ellis WO, Bennett RN. 2006. Effect of spacing and harvesting frequency on the growth and leaf yield of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam), a leafy vegetable crop. Workshop report (November, 16th -18th) on Moringa and other highly nutritious plant resources: Strategies, standards and markets for better impact on nutrition in Africa, Accra.

Anjorin TS, Ikokoh P, Okolo S. 2010. Mineral composition of Moringa oleifera leaves, pods and seeds from two regions in Abuja, Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural and Biological Engineering 12, 431-434.

Ashfaq M, Basra SMA, Ashfaq U. 2012. Moringa: A Miracle Plant of Agro-forestry. Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and the Social Sciences 8, 115-122.

Bosch CH. 2004. Moringa oleifera Lam. In: Grubben GJH, Denton OA, eds. PROTA4U (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa), Wageningen. http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp, Accessed 8 September 2014.

Dagnelie P. 1998. Statistique théorique et appliquée. Tome 2: Inférence statistique à une et à deux dimensions, De Boeck et Larcier, Paris et Bruxelles, p. 659.

Fahey JW. 2005. Moringa oleifera: A Review of the Medical Evidence for Its Nutritional, Therapeutic, and Prophylactic Properties. Trees for Life Journal (www.TFLJournal.org), Accessed 8 September 2014.

Floquet A, Van Den Akker E. 2000. “Ethnic groups and settlement patterns in Benin”. In: Graef F, Lawrence P, Von Oppen M, eds. Adapted Farming in West Africa: Issues, Potentials and Perspectives. Stuttgart, Germany, p. 255-258.

Foidl N, Makkar HPS, Becker K. 2001. The potential of Moringa oleifera for agricultural and industrial uses. In: Fuglie LJ, eds. The Miracle Tree, the Multiple Attributes of Moringa. CTA/CWS, Dakar, p. 45-76.

Fuglie LJ. 2001. The Multiple uses of Moringa. In: Fuglie LJ, eds. The Miracle Tree, the Multiple Attributes of Moringa. CTA/CWS, Dakar, p. 7-10.

Fuglie LJ. 2001. The Natural nutrition for the Tropics. In: Fuglie LJ, eds. The Miracle Tree, the Multiple Attributes of Moringa. CTA/CWS, Dakar, p. 103-115.

Gadzirayi CT, Kubiku FNM, Mupangwa JF, Mujuru L, Chikuvire TJ. 2013. The effect of plant spacing and cutting interval on growth of Moringa Oleifera. Journal of Agricultural Science and Applications 2, 131-136.

Glèlè Kakaï R, Sodjinou E, Fonton HN. 2006. Conditions d’Application des Méthodes Statistiques Paramétriques. Bibliothèque Nationale, Cotonou, p.86.

Haristoy X, Fahey JW, Scholtus I, Lozniewski A. 2005. Evaluation of antimicrobial effect of several isothiocyanates on Helicobacter pylori. Planta Medica 71, 326-330.

Jahn SA, Musnad HA, Burgstaller H. 1986. The tree that purifies water: cultivating multipurpose Moringaceae in the Sudan. Unasylva 38, 23-28.

Johnson BC. 2005. Clinical Perspectives on the Health Effects of Moringa Oleifera: A Promising Adjunct for Balanced Nutrition and Better Health. KOS Health Publications, California, p. 1-5.

Manzoor M, Anwar F, Iqbal T, Bhnager MI. 2007. Physicochemical characterization of Moringa concanensis seeds and seed oil. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society 84, 413-419.

Mathur B. 2006. Moringa for Cattle Fodder and Plant Growth. www.treesforlife.org, Accessed 8 September 2014.

Morton JF. 1991. The horseradish tree, Moringa pterygosperma (Moringaceae) – a boon to arid lands? Economic Botany 45, 318-333.

Nautiyal BP, Venhataraman KG. 1987. Moringa (Drumstick) – an ideal tree for social forestry. My forest 23, 53-58.

Nouman W, Siddiqui MT, Basra SMA, Afzal I, Rehman HU. 2012. Enhancement of emergence potential and stand establishment of Moringa oleifera Lam. by seed priming. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 36, 227-235.

Palmberg G. 1985. L’échantillonnage dans la récolte des semences forestières. In : FAO and Danida eds. Amélioration Génétique des arbres forestiers. Rapport FAO n° 20, forêts, Rome, p. 44-48.

Parrotta JA. 1993. Moringa oleifera Lam. Reseda, horseradish tree. Moringaceae. Horseradish tree family, USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry, SO-ITF-SM, New Orleans.

Phiri C, Mbewe DN. 2010. Influence of Moringa oleifera leaf extracts on germination and seedling survival of three common legumes. International Journal of Agricultural and Biological Engineering 12, 315-317.

Ramachandran C, Peter KV, Gopalakrishnan PK. 1980. Drumstick (Moringa oleifera): a multipurpose Indian vegetable. Economic Botany 34, 276-283.

Reyes-Sánchez N, Spörndly E, Ledin I. 2006. Effect of feeding different levels of foliage of Moringa oleifera to creole dairy cows on intake, digestibility, milk production and composition. Livestock Sciences 101, 24-31.

Roloff A, Weisgerber H, Lang U, Stimm B. 2009. Moringa oleifera Lam., 1785. In: Stimm B, eds. Enzyklopädie der Holzgewächse, Handbuch und Atlas der Dendrologie. USDA Forest Service, Research & Development 1601 North Kent Street, Arlington, p. 1-8.

SAS Institute Inc. 2008. SAS OnlineDoc® 9.2. SAS Institute Inc, Cary, NC.

Sharma GK, Raina V. 1982. Propagation techniques of Moringa oleifera Lam. In: Khosla PK, eds. Improvement of Forest Biomass, Symposium proceeding, Indian Society of Tree Scientists, Solan, HP, p. 175-181.

Sreelatha S, Padma PR. 2009. Antioxidant Activity and Total Phenolic Content of Moringa oleifera Leaves in Two Stages of Maturity. Plant Foods Human Nutrition 64, 303-311.

Suthanthirapandian IR, Sambandamurthy S, Irulappan I. 1989. Variations in seedling populations of annual moringa (Moringa pterygosperma Gaertn.). South Indian Horticulture 37, 301-302.

Talreja T. 2010. Screening of crude extract of flavonoids of Moringa oleifera against bacteria and fungal pathogen. Journal of Phytology 2, 31-35.

Thurber MD, Fahey JW. 2009. Adoption of Moringa oleifera to combat under-nutrition viewed through the lens of the “Diffusion of Innovations” theory. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 48, 212-225.

UNWFP. 2004. Interactive Hunger Map. UN World Food Programme, Rome.

Verma SC. 1973. Studies on the factors affecting seed germination of Moringa. Plant Science 5, 64-70.

Yasmeen A, Basra SMA, Farooq M, Rehman H, Hussain N, Athar HR. 2013. Exogenous application of moringa leaf extract modulates the antioxidant enzyme system to improve wheat performance under saline conditions. Plant Growth Regul 69, 225-233.

Yasmeen AY, Basra SMA, Wahid A. 2012. Performance of late sown wheat in response to foliar application of Moringa oleifera Lam. leaf extract. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research 72, 92-97.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background