Performance of cocoyam (Colocosia esculentus L.) as influenced by organic and inorganic manure in Samaru, Zaria, Nigeria

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/11/2014
Views (144) Download (3)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Performance of cocoyam (Colocosia esculentus L.) as influenced by organic and inorganic manure in Samaru, Zaria, Nigeria

I.L Hamma, B.A Mahmoud, A. Wakili, M.A Hayatuddeen
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.5( 5), 97-103, November 2014.
Certificate: IJAAR 2014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

A field trial was conducted to study the performance of cocoyam as influenced by organic and inorganic manure during the 2014 cropping season at the Teaching and Research Farm of Samaru College of Agriculture, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Treatments consist of no manure (control), goat manure, cow dung, and poultry manure each at 10 tons ha-1 and 0, 90, 120 and 150 kg NPK ha-1 and laid out in a split plot design with organic manure assigned to the main plots; whereas inorganic manure to the sub plots with three replications. Data were collected on growth and yield parameters; plant height, number of leaves plant-1, leaf area plant-1, number of corms plant-1, corm yield plot-1 and corm yield hectare-1. Results obtained indicated that growth and yield of cocoyam was lowest in control treatments which showed that the organic manure and inorganic manure used in the study especially poultry manure and 150 kg ha-1 of NPK, positively influenced the yield of cocoyam. Poultry manure and150 kg ha-1 of NPK positively increased cocoyam plant height, number of leaves plant-1, corm yield plot-1 and corm yield hectare-1 compared to control treatments. There was no significant effect with respect to leaf area plant-1 and number of corms plant-1. Based on the findings of the experiments it could be deduced that poultry manure and NPK rate of 150 kg ha-1 promoted higher growth and yield of cocoyam.

VIEWS 3

Ademiluyi BO. 2013. Evaluation of weed management strategies in cocoyam (Colocosia esculentus L.) production in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. International Journal of Agriculture and Soil Sciences 3(2), 38 – 42.

Akiyemiju OA, Ekwe K, Nwosu K, Ekwe C, Nwachukwu L. 2009. Examining the underexploited values of cocoyam (Colocasia and Xanthosoma spp. ) for enhanced household food security, nutrition and economy in Nigeria. In: Jaenicke H, Ganry J, Zeledon Hoeschle I, Kahare R (eds). Proceedings of the International symposium on underutilized plants for food security, income and sustainable development. Acta Horticulture 86, 71-78.

Anjana D, Kumar JP. 2013. Effect of integrated manuring on the growth and yield of (Centella asiatica L.) Tropical Ecology 54(1), 89 – 95.

Ashraf AAE, Mahmoud GO. 2013. Modeling the influence of nitrogen rate and plant population density on seed yield, yield components and seed quality of safflower. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture 3(2), 336 -360.

Dada OA, Fayinminnu OO. 2010. Period of weed control in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench) as influenced by varying rates of cattle dung and weeding regimes. Not. Bot. Hort. Agrobot. 38 (1), 149 – 154.

Ekwu IG, Utobo EB, Nwokwu GN. 2012. Effect of NPK and weeding regimes on the growth and yield of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) in Abakaliki. International Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development 15(2), 9 – 16.

Harrison KD, Judith GAK, Eliezer BB. 2014. Influence of poultry manure and NPK fertilization on growth, yield and storability of onion (Allium cepa L.) grown under rain fed conditions. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture 4(8), 860 – 878.

Mera UM, Singh BR, Magaji MD, Singh A, Musa M, Kilgori MJS. 2009. Response of Roselle to farm yard manure and nitrogen fertilizer in the semi arid zone of Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Science 17(2), 246-251.

Nwachukwu I. 2009. Composition and nutritive value of corms, cormels and leaves of Colocasia esculentus (L) schott. Journal of Science, Food and Agriculture 35, 1112-1119.

Okoroafor IB, Okelola EO, Edeh O, Nemehute VC,  Onu A,  Nwaneri TC,  Chinaka G. 2013. Effect of organic manure on the growth and yield performance of maize (Zea mays l.) in Ishiagu. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science 5(4), 28 -31.

Rangaswamy R. 2010. A Text Book of Agricultural Statistics, Second Edition, New Age International Publishers, New-Delhi, India, 234 – 458.