Int. J. Micro. Myco.16( 2), 1-5, February 2023
Mushroom cultivation was reported as an economically viable bio-technology process for conversion of various lignocellulosic wastes. Given the lack of technology know-how on the cultivation of mushroom, this study was conducted at the Institute of Agricultural Technology, Isabela State University, Cauayan Campus, with the aim to evaluate the effect of different substrates on spawn running time, primordial initiation time, yield performance, and biological efficiency of oyster mushroom. Accordingly, substrates such as banana leaves, grasses, acacia leaves, corn stalk/ leaves were tested for their efficacy in oyster mushroom production. The grain spawn was obtained at the Regional Crop Protection Center, City of Ilagan. The oyster mushroom cultivation was undertaken under aseptic conditions, and the growth and development of mushrooms were monitored. The experiment was laid out in a completely randomized design with three replications. Result of the study revealed that the oyster mushroom can grow on corn stalk/ leaves, banana leaves, acacia leaves, grasses, and sawdust with varying growth performance. The highest economic yield and biological efficiency of oyster mushroom was obtained from banana leaves, while the least was obtained from acacia leaves. The study recommends banana leaves as suitable substrate for the cultivation of oyster mushroom. It also suggests that there is a need for further investigation into various aspects of oyster mushroom cultivation.
Bhatti MA, Mir FA, Siddiq M. 1987. Effect of different bedding materials on relative yield of oyster mushroom in the successive flushes. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research (Pakistan).
Chang M, Kim S, Sioutas C. 1999. Experimental studies on particle impaction and bounce: effects of substrate design and material. Atmospheric Environment 33(15), 2313-2322.
Chang ST, Lau OW, Cho KY. 1981. The cultivation and nutritional value of Pleurotus sajor-caju. European journal of applied microbiology and biotechnology 12(1), 58-62.
Dhakal P, Pokhrel A, Bista A, Shah K, Acharya B, Shrestha J. 2020. Growth and yield performance of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) on different substrates. Agriways 8(1), 1-8.
Dlamini BE, Earnshaw DM, Masarirambi MT. 2012. Growth and Yield Response of Oyster Mushroom (“Pleurotus ostreatus”) Grown on Different Locally Available Substrates. Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences 4(5), 623-629.
Dubey D, Dhakal B, Dhami K, Sapkota P, Rana M, Poudel NS, Aryal L. 2019. Comparative study on effect of different substrates on yield performance of oyster mushroom. Global Journal of Biology, Agriculture, Health Sciences 8(1).
Islam MZ, Rahman MH, Hafiz F. 2009. Cultivation of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus flabellatus) on different substrates. International Journal of Sustainable Crop Production 4(1), 45-48.
Madan M, Vasudevan P, Sharma S. 1987. Cultivation of Pleurotus sajor-caju on different wastes. Biological Wastes 22(4), 241-250.
Mondal SR, Rehana J, Noman MS, Adhikary SK. 2010. Comparative study on growth and yield performance of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus florida) on different substrates. Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University 8(2), 213-220.
Neupane S, Thakur V, Bhatta B, Pathak P, Gautam BB, Aryal L. 2018. Performance of different substrates on the production of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus florida) at Gokuleshwor, Darchula. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications 8(6), 231-240.
Pokhrel CP, Kalyan N, Budathoki U, Yadav RKP. 2013. Cultivation of Pleurotus sajor-caju using different agricultural residues. International Journal of Agricultural Policy and Research 1(2), 19-23.
Shah ZA, Ashraf M, Ishtiaq M. 2004. Comparative study on cultivation and yield performance of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) on different substrates (wheat straw, leaves, saw dust). Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 3(3), 158-160.
Tesfaw A, Tadesse A, Kiros G. 2015. Optimization of oyster (Pleurotus ostreatus) mushroom cultivation using locally available substrates and materials in Debre Berhan, Ethiopia. Journal of Applied Biology and Biotechnology 3(1), 0-2.
Tirkey VJ, Simon S, Lal AA. 2017. Efficacy of different substrates on the growth, yield and nutritional composition of oyster mushroom-Pleurotus florida (Mont.) Singer. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 6(4), 1097-1100.
Tupatkar PN, Jadhao SM. 2006. Effects of different substrates on yield of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus sajor-caju). Agricultural Science Digest 26(3), 224-226.