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Pulmonary candidiasis in immunocompromised patients seen at Befelatanana University Hospital from 2018 to 2019

Research Paper | December 1, 2019

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Zafindrasoa Domoina Rakotovao-Ravahatra, Nambininiavo Marianne Ranorohasimanana, Fenosoa Anita Tsatoromila, Zakasoa Mbololona Ravaoarisaina, Fidiniaina Mamy Randriatsarafara, Andriamiadana Luc Rakotovao, Lala Rasoamialy-Soa Razanakolona

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Int. J. Micro. Myco.10( 2), 1-6, December 2019


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The Candidiasis occupies an increasingly important place in infectious pulmonary diseases in recent decades. The objectives of this study were to determine the incidence of yeast Candida spp in pulmonary samples, to describe the clinical and socio-demographic characteristics of these pulmonary infections and to propose suggestions to clinicians and biologists who analyze these pulmonary samples. This is a prospective and descriptive study from April 2018 to March 2019 in the laboratory of Joseph Raseta Befelatanana University Hospital. All Candida spp yeast positive pulmonary samples were identified by filamentation testing. The data was entered on the Epi-info 3.5.2 software. For a period of one year, 17 of the 107 pulmonary sampling (15.9%) were positive for yeasts of the genus Candida spp. Of these yeasts, 82.4% are represented by the species Candida albicans. The patients aged 40 and over (8.4%), the men (8.4%), the patients with pneumopathy (10.3%) and the patients hospitalized in the surgical resuscitation department (7.5%) were most affected by Candida albican. Simultaneous bacteriological examination showed a predominance of Acinetobacter bacteria. This study has highlighted the pertinence of mycological examination of any pulmonary sampling in the hospitalized and immunocompromised patients. The use of specific culture media for mycotic pathogens will increase the positivity of the mycological examination.


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Pulmonary candidiasis in immunocompromised patients seen at Befelatanana University Hospital from 2018 to 2019

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