J. Bio. Env. Sci.12( 5), 162-172, May 2018
Extensive field visits and interviews were carried out in spring and summer 2015, to document information on traditional uses of medicinal plants in Mera, District Charsadda, Kp, Pakistan. A total of 92 plants species from 50 families were reported which were taken against 48 different human ailments in the locality. Family Solanaceae with 7 species was the most leading family followed by Moraceae 6 species and Asteraceae, Brassicaceae, Cucurbitaceae with 4 species each. Herbs (62%) were the most dominant life form followed by trees (30%) and shrubs (8%). The most frequent plant parts used were leaves (33%) followed by fruit (22%), bark (8%), seed (8%), whole plants (7%) and flowers (5%).The highest (0.73) Relative Frequency Citation (RFC) for Citrus aurantifolia whereas highest (0.85) Use Value (UV) for Coriandrum sativum were observed. Person correlation coefficient (PCC=0.941) showed a strong positive correlation between RFC and UV. This survey will help, to identify high valued medicinal plant species in the locality for further drug discovery. Medicinal Plants with high use value should be subjected to comprehensive phytochemical studies for further drug discovery.
Abbasi AM, Khan MA, Ahmad M, Qureshi R, Arshad M, Jahan S, Sultana S. 2010. Ethnobotanical study of wound healing herbs among the tribal communities in Northern Himalaya ranges district Abbottabad, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany42(6), 3747–3753
Alam N, Shinwari ZK, Ilyas M &Ullah Z. 2011. Indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants of Chagharzai Valley, District Buner, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany43(2), 773-780.
Ali SI and Qaiser M.1993-2015. Flora of Pakistan 194-210. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi194-220.
Bano A, Ahmad M, Hadda TB, SaboorA, Sultana S, Zafar M, Ashraf MA. 2014. Quantitative ethnomedicinal study of plants used in the skardu valley at high altitude of Karakoram Himalayan range, Pakistan. Journal of Ethno biology and Ethno med icine 10(1), 43. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1746-4269-10-43
Begum HA, Hamayun M. 2015. Ethnomedicinal Study of Medicinal Plants of Village Harichand, District Charsadda, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. ScinzerJournal of Medical – Scinzer Scientific Publications 1(1), 17-25.
Begum HA, Jan MM and Hussain F. 2005. Ethnobotanical studies on some medicinal plants of Dehri Julagram, Malak and Agency, Pakistan. International Journal of Biotechnology2, 597-602. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/2046-0481-67-6
Begum S, AbdEIslam NM, Adnan M, Tariq A, Yasmin A, Hameed R. 2014. Ethnomedicines of highly utilized plants in temperate Himalaya region. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines 11(3), 132– 142.
Bibi T, Ahmad M, Tareen RB, Tareen NM, Jabeen R, Rehman SU and Yaseen G. 2014. Ethnobotany of medicinal plants in district Mastung of Balochistan province-Pakistan. Journal of ethnopharmacology 157, 79-89. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2014.08.042
Bussmann RW, Sharon D.2000. Traditional medicinal plant use in Northern Peru: tracking two thousand years of case study of a Mapuche community from north western Patagonia. Biodiversity and Conservation 13(6),1153-1173.
Ghorbani A, Langenberger G, Feng L, Sauerborn J. 2011. Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants utilised by Hani ethnicity in Naban river watershed national nature reserve, Yunnan, China. Journal of ethnopharmacology 134(3), 651-667. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2011.01.011
Giday M, Asfaw Z, Woldu Z. 2010. Ethnomedicinal study of plants used by Sheko ethnic group of Ethiopia. Journal of ethnopharmacology132, 75–85. http://dx.doi.org/org/10.1016/j.jep.2010.07.046
González JA, García-Barriuso M, Amich F. 2010. Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants traditionally used in the Arribes del Duero, Western Spain. Journal of ethnopharmacology131(2), 343-55.
Hamayun M, Afzal S, Khan MA. 2006. indigenous collection and preservation techniques of some frequently used medicinal plants of Utror and Gabral, district Swat, Pakistan. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines 3(2), 57–73.
Hassan N, Wang D, Shuaib M, Zhong Z, Nisar M, Ahmad W, Ahmed S, Khan A.2017a. Identification and ethnobotanical survey of profitable medicinal plants used as remedy in Sangina Pakistan. International Journal of Herbal Medicine 5(4), 117-123.
Hassan N, Wang D, Zhong Z, Nisar M, Zhu Yu. 2017 c. Determination and analysis of informant consensus factor of medicinal plant species used as remedy in Northern Pakistan. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 11(2),117-133.
Hassan N, Nisar M, Kakar SR, Hassan F, Zhong Z , Nong L, Khan MI, Shuaib M, Wang D. 2017b. Determination of Informant Consensus Factor of Medicinal Plants Used as Therapy in District Dir Lower Pakistan. Journal of medicinal plant studies 5(4),183-188.
Hussain F, Khaliq A, Durrani MJ. 1996. Ethnobotanical studies on some plants of Dabargai Hills, Swat: 207-215. In Proceedings of First TrainingWorkshop on Ethnobotany and its Application to Conservation. NARC, Islamabad.
Ibrar M, Hussain F, Sultan, A. 2007. Ethnobotanical studies on plant resources of Ranyal Hills, District Shangla, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany39(2),329–337.
Ishtiaq M, Hanif W, Khan MA, Ashraf M and Butt AM. 2007. An ethnomedicinal survey and documentation of important medicinal folklore food phytonims of flora of Samahni valley, (Azad Kashmir) Pakistan. Pakistan journal of biological sciences 10(13),2241-2256.
Jan G, Khan MA, Farhatullah JF, Ahmad M, Jan M, Zafar M. 2011. Ethnobotanical Studies on Some Useful Plants of DirKohistan Valleys, KPK, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 43(4), 1849-1852.
Jan R, Khan RU, Rehman HU, Khan AZ, Waheed MA, Khan, Shah NA, Khan RU, AsafS, Khan J.2016. Ethnobotanically important flora of Tehsil Tangi, District Charsadda, Pakistan. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research8(3), 108-116.
Mahmood A, Mahmood A, Malik RN, Shinwari ZK. 2013. Indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants from Gujranwala district, Pakistan. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 148(2), 714-7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2013.05.035.
Manan Z, Razzaq A. Islam M, Ikramullah2007. Diversity ofmedicinal plants in Wari Subdivision District Upper Dir, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Plant Sciences 13(1), 21–28.
Meshram G, Khamkar S, Metangale G. 2012. Antimicrobial screening of Garlic (Allium sativum) extracts and their effect on Glucoamylase activity in-vitro. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science2(01), 106-108.
Miraldi E, Ferri S, Mostaghimi V. 2001. Botanical drugs and preparations in the traditional medicine of West Azerbaijan (Iran). Journal of Ethnopharmacology 75(2),77-87. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0378-8741(00)00381-0
Molares S, Ladio A 2009. Ethnobotanical review of the Mapuche medicinal flora: use patterns on aregional scale. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 122(2),251–260. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2009.01.003
Mosaddegh M, Naghibi F, Moazzeni H, Pirani A and Esmaeili S. 2012. Ethnobotanical survey of herbal remedies traditionally used in Kohghiluyehva Boyer Ahmad province of Iran. Journal of Ethnopharmacology141(1), 80-95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2012.02.004
Mukerjee PK, Wahil. 2006. Integrated approaches towards drug development from Ayurveda and other Indian system of medicine. Journal of Ethnopharmacology103,25-35. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2005.09.024
Musharaf K, Hussain F, Shinwari ZK, Musharaf S. 2013. Ethnobotanical study of common weed flora of sugarcane in District Bannu, (KPK) Pakistan. Journal of Medicinal Plant Studies1(4),49-78.
Nadeem M, Shinwari ZK, Qaiser M. 2013. Screening of folk remedies by genus Artemisia based on Ethnobotanical surveys and traditional knowledge of native communities of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 45(1),111-117.
Nasab FK, Khosravi AR. 2014. Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants of Sirjan in Kerman Province, Iran. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicines 154(1), 190-197. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2014.04.003
Nasir E, Ali SI. 1970-1995. Flora of West Pakistan and Kashmir. Pakistan Agriculture Research Council, Islamabad Pakistan.
Rahman AHMM, Kabir EZMF, Sima SN, Sultana RS, Nasiruddin M, Naderuzzaman ATM. 2010. Study of an Ethnobotany at the Village Dohanagar, Naogaon. Journal of Advanced Scientific Research6(9), 1466-1473.
Samoisy AK, Mahomoodally MF. 2015. Ethnopharmacological analysis of medicinal plants used against non-communicable diseases in Rodrigues Island, Indian Ocean. Journal of ethnopharmacology173, 20-38. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2015.06.036
Savikin K, Zdunić G, Menković N, Zivković J, Cujić N, Tereščenko M, Bigović D. 2013. Ethnobotanical study on traditional use of medicinal plants in South-Western Serbia, Zlatibor district. Journal of ethnopharmacology 146, 803–810. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2013.02.006
Shafi U, Muhammad RK, Naseer AS, Sayed AS, Muhammad M, Muhammad AF. 2014. Ethnomedicinal plant use value in the LakkiMarwat District of Pakistan. Journal of Ethnopharmacolog 158, 412-422. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2014.09.048
Sher Z, Khan Z, Hussain F. 2011. Ethnobotanical Studies of Some Plants of Chagharzai Valley, District Buner, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany43(3), 1445-1452.
Tangjitman K, Wongsawad C, Kamwong K, Sukkho T, Trisonthi C.2015. Ethnomedicinal plants used for digestive system disorders by the Karen of northern Thailand. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicines11(1),27. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13002-015-0011-9
Vitalini S, Iriti M, Puricelli C, Ciuchi D, Segale A, Fico G. 2013. Traditional knowledge on medicinal and food plants used in Val San Giacomo (Sondrio, Italy)–an alpine ethnobotanical study. Journal of Ethnopharmacolog145, 517–529. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2012.11.024
William JT, Ahmad Z.1999. Priorities for Medicinal Plants Research and Development in Pakistan.