Relative efficacy of different organic and inorganic fertilizers on the growth and bulb yield of onion (Allium cepa)

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/01/2020
Views (261) Download (11)

Relative efficacy of different organic and inorganic fertilizers on the growth and bulb yield of onion (Allium cepa)

Imtiaz Ahmed, Muhammad Abbass Khan, Noorullah khan, Naveed Ahmed, Fayyaz Ahmed, Sohail Aslam
J. Bio. Env. Sci.16( 1), 109-116, January 2020.
Certificate: JBES 2020 [Generate Certificate]


In order to find out the impact of different fertilizers on the growth and bulb yield of Onion, an experiment was conducted at PARC-National Tea and High Value crops research Institute, Shinkiari, Mansehra, Pakistan during Rabi season 2017-18. The trial was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with split plot arrangement having three replications. It has two onion cultivars i.e Swat-1 and Sunset that was assigned to the main plot and four different type fertilizers i.e Poultry manure, Farm yard manure, DAP and NPK which were allotted to the sub-plot. The finding of the trials reveals significant variation among the studied parameter. Tallest plants (47.37cm), more number of leaves per plants (10.04), Leaves length ( 36.43cm), leaves width (7.71cm), bulb diameter (57.73mm), Bulb weight (83.04g) and bulb yield (7.46t/ha) was recorded from cultivar Swat-1 planted plots. In case of fertilizers, Maximum plant height (47.74cm), Number of leaves per plant (10.35), Leaves length (37.94cm), Leaves width (8.26cm), Bulb diameter (65.19mm), Bulb weight (103.30g) and Bulb yield (8.90t/ha) was obtained from plots which were fertilized with poultry manure. The results of the present study suggest poultry manure in combination with cultivar swat-1 should be used for better production of onion.


Aisha AH, Rizk FA, Shaheen AM, Abel-Mouty M. 2007. Onion plant growth, bulb yield and its physical and chemical properties as effected by organic and natural fertilization. Res. J. Agric & bio Sci 3(5), 380-388.

Akanbi and Makindi. 2007. Effect of cassava peel compost on the growth and nutritional quality of celosia (Celosia argentea L). Res J Medwell 1(4), 110-115.

Ali AH, Rizk FA, Shaheen AM, Abdel-Moutymm. 2007. Onion plant growth, bulb yield and its physical and chemical properties as effected by natural and organic fertilizers. Res. J. Agric. & bio Sci 3(5), 380-388.

Amujoyegbe B, Opabode JT, Olayinka A. 2007. Effect of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizer on Yield and Chlorophyll Content of Maize (Zea mays L.) and Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench). African J. Biotechnology 16(3), 1869-1873.

Bendfeldt. 2002. Poultry litter as fertilizer and soil Amendment. Associate Extension Agent, Agricultural and Natural Research, R.A. Clark, Extension agent, Agriculture and natural resources.

Brady C, Weils RR. 1999. Nature and Properties of Soil. 12th Edition, Prentice Hall, New Delhi 74-114.

Colla G, Mitchell J, Poudel D, Tample S. 2002. Changes of tomato yield and fruit element composition in conventional low input and organic system. J Sus Agric 20(20), 53-67

Dileep SN. 2005. Study on effect of organic manure on the productivity of Chilli. Msc (Hons) thesis. TNAU. Cbe.

EL-Shatanofy and Monar ME. 2011. Influence of organic manure and inorganic fertilizers on the growth, yield of onion. MSC thesis. Fac of Agric. Alex university.

Ewais MA, Mohmoud AA, Khalil AA. 2010. Effect of nitrogen fertigation on growth and yield of onion. Alex J. Agric. Res 55(3), 75-83

Flore JA, Layne DR. 1999. Photoassimilate production and distribution in Cherry. Hort Sci 34(6), 1015-1019.

Fritsch RM, Freisen N. 2002. Evolution, domestication and taxonomy. Chapter 1. In: Rabinowitch HD, Currah L (Eds) Allium crop science. Recent Advances, Wallingford, UK: CAB 1 Publising pp 9-10.

Ken F, Addy F. 2013 Allium cepa L plant for a future. Retrieved 2013-03-02.

Khan IM, Hassan G, Marwat KB. 2011. Testing of Herbicides at various doses on growth stages of wild onion grown at pots. Sarhah J Agric 27(1), 85-91

Kushal, Patil MG, Nidagundi JM, Satihal DG, Mehadevaswamy and Venkatesh. 2015. Study on performance of onion (Allium cepa) genotype for Agro-morphological traits during Rabi season. National academy of Agric sci. Vol. 33 (4)

Metwally SM, Abdel-Bary EA. 1999. Assessment of application of amendments to sandy soil using computer model. Zagazig J. Agric. Res 2(1), 947-962

Mohanty BK, d Prusti AM. 2001. Performance of common onion varieties in kharif season. J tropical agric 39, 21-23.

Patricia C. 2006. Onion culinary foundation and medicine. The Epicurean Table. Retrieved 2013-03-02.

Pavan Y, Singh P, Yadav RL, Ram L. 2004. Organic manure and nitrogen levels on Okra. Haryana J Hort Sci 33(1), 124-126.

Praskash YS, Bhadoria PBS. 2004. Relative efficacy of different organic manure on the performance of okra grown in Lateritic soil. Tropic Agric 81(4), 197-203

Rampel J. 1998. Effect of long-term organic, mineral and combined organic-mineral fertilization of onion (Allium cepa) grown from seeds. Biuletyn waxzymniczy 48(5), 05-15

Schjegel AJ. 1992. Effect of composted manure on soil chemical properties and nitrogen use by grain sorghum. J. Prod. Agric 5(2), 153-157

Sekhon GS, Meelu OP. 1994. Organic matter management in relation to crop production in stressed rain fed systems. In: Virmani SM, Katyal JC, Esnearan H, and Abrol IP, editors. Stressed ecosystems and sustainable agriculture, Oxford University Press and IBH, New Delhi.

Shah ST, Sajjid M, Alam R, Rab A, Mateen A, Jan I, Ali A, Wahid F. 2012. Comparative study of Onion cultivar at Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa-Pakistan. Sarhad J. Agric 28(3), 399-402

Shaheen A, et al. 2007. Growing onion plants without chemical fertilization. Res J Agri and Biol sci 3(2), 95-104.

Sharpley AN, Smith BJ. 1991. Nitrogen and Phosphorus Forms in Soils Receiving Manure. Soil Science 15(3), 253-258.

Stolton S. 1997. Ecology and farming. Int Mag IFOAM 15, 35-37.

Tripathy P, Priyadarshini SK, Das BB, Dash DK. 2013. Evaluation of onion (Allium cepa) genotype for tolerance to thrips (Thrips tabaci) and purple blotch (Alternaria porri). Int j Bio-res and stress management 4(4), 561-564

USPO. 2011. Method of coloring eggs or the like 1925-06-19, Retrieved 2011-06-19.

Young JE, Zhao X, Carey EE, Welti R, Yang SS, Wang W. 2005. Phytochemical phenolic in organically grown vegetables. Molecular nutrition and food research 49(12), 1136-1142