Response of soybean yield to manganese foliar application under short-term drought stress

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/02/2013
Views (326) Download (8)

Response of soybean yield to manganese foliar application under short-term drought stress

Soheil Kobraee, Keyvan Shamsi, Vaghar Mohammad Saeed
Int. J. Biosci.3( 2), 132-140, February 2013.
Certificate: IJB 2013 [Generate Certificate]


This research was done in order to investigate the Response of soybean yield to manganese foliar application under short-term drought stress at flowering stage in climatic condition of Kermanshah, Iran 2010. The experimental design was a split split plot based on Randomized Complete Block design with three replicates. Treatments includes: two irrigation regimes, two foliar treatments, and eight soybean cultivars. At the V4 growth stage, the plants were sprayed twice with 0.5% manganese liquid or distilled water. At the end of growing season, biological yield, grain yield, yield components and harvest index were measured. The results of analysis variance were shown that irrigation regimes, manganese foliar treatments and cultivars had significant effects on number of pod and seed per plant, grain yield and biological yield at 1% level (P<0.01). Irrigation at all of growth stages and manganese foliar application produced the highest number of node per plant, number of sub branch, number of pod and seed per plant, grain yield and biological yield in soybean cultivars. Whereas, maximum 100-seed weight and harvest index were obtained with irrigation withholding at flowering stage. The effect of Mn foliar application in water deficit condition on pod and seed number, grain yield, and biological yield were higher than when manganese was used in Ic treatment.


Al-Suhaiban NA. 2009. Influence of Early Water Deficit on Seed Yield and Quality of Faba Bean under Arid Environment of Saudi Arabia. American-Eurasian Journal of Agriculture & Environment Sciences 5 (5), 649-654.

Babaeian M, Tavassoli A, Ghanbari A, Esmaeilian Y, Fahimifard M. 2011. Effects of foliar micronutrient application on osmotic adjustments, grain yield and yield components in sunflower (Alstar cultivar) under water stress at three stages. African Journal of Agricultural Research 6(5), 1204-1208.

Bromfield SM, Cumming RW, David DJ, Williams CH. 1983. Change in soil pH, manganese and aluminum under subterranean clover pasture. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture and Animal Husbandry 23, 181–191.

Barker AV, Pilbeam DJ. 2007. Handbook of plant nutrition. Taylor & Francis, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Cakmak I. 2008. Enrichment of cereal grains with zinc: agronomic or genetic biofortification? Plant and Soil 302, 1–17,

Crabtree WL. 1999. Deep placement of Mn fertilizer on a sandy soil increased grain yield and re duce d split see d in Lupinus angustifolius. Plant and Soil 214, 9–14.

De Costa WA, Shanmigathasan KN, Joseph KD. 1999. Physiology of yield determination of mungbean, (Vigna   radiata L.)   under various irrigation regimes in the dry and intermediate zones of Sri Lanka. Field Crop Research 61, 1-12,

Desclaux D, Huynh TT, Roumet P. 2000. Identification of soybean plant characteristics that indicate the timing of drought stress. Crop Science 40, 716-722.

Dogan E, Kirnak H, Copur O. 2007. Deficit irrigations during soybean reproductive stages and CROP GRO soybean simulations under semi-arid climatic conditions. Field Crops Res 103, 154 – 159.

Elia FM, Mwandemele OD. 1986. The effect of water deficit drought on some plant characters in Bambara groundnut. Tropical Grain Legume Bulletin 33, 45–50.

Fehr WR, Caviness CE. 1977. Stages of soybean development, Spec, Rep, 80, Iowa State Univ, Ames.

Hebbern CA, Pedas P, Schjoerring JK, Knudsen L, Husted S. 2005. Genotypic differences in manganese efficiency: field experiments with winter barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Plant and Soil 272, 233–244,

Heidarian AR, Kord H, Mosafavi K, Lak AP, Amini Mahshhadi F. 2011. Investigation Fe and Zn foliar application on yield and its components of soybean (Glycine max L.) at different growth stages. Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development 3(9), 189-197.

Izaguirre-Mayoral ML, Sinclair RT. 2005. Variation in manganese and iron accumulation among soybean genotypes growing on hydroponic solution of differing manganese and nitrate concentrations. Annals of Botany 96(1), 149-158,

Jabeen, N, Ahmad, R. 2011. Effect of foliar applied boron and manganese on growth and biochemical actives in sunflower under saline conditions. Pakistan Journal of Botany 43(2), 1271-1282.

Karam F, Masaad R, Sfeir T, Mounzer O, Rouphael Y. 2005. Evapotranspiration and seed yield of field grown soybean under deficit irrigation conditions. Agricultural Water Management 75, 226-244.

Korte LL, Williams JH, Specht JE, Sorensen RC. 1983. Irrigation of soybean genotypes during reproductive ontogeny. II. Component responses. Crop Science 23, 528-533.

Kumaga FK, Adiku SGK, Ofori K. 2003. Effect of Post-flowering Water Stress on Dry Matter and Yield of Three Tropical Grain Legumes. International Journal of Agricultural & Biology 4, 405–407.

Lewis DC, McFarlane JD. 1986. Ef fect of foliar applie d m anganese on the growth of saf flowe r (Carthamus tinctorious L.) and the diagnosis of manganese deficiency by plant tissue and see d analysis. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 37, 567–572.

Lobato AKS, Santos FBG, Costa RCL, Oliveira Neto CF, Meirelles ACS, Cruz FJR, Alves GAR, Neves HKB, Pita JD, Lopez MJS, Freitas JMN, Monterio BS, Ferreira Ramos R. 2008. Physiological and Biochemical changes in soybean plants under progressive water deficit during the vegetative phase. Agricultural Journal 3(5), 327-333.

Narimani H, Rahimi MM, Ahmadikhah A, Vaezi B. 2010. Study on the effects of foliar spray of micronutrient on yield and yield components of durum wheat. Archives of Applied Science Research 2(6), 168-176.

Ronaghi A, Ghasemi-Fasaei R. 2008. Field evaluations of yield, iron-manganese relationship, and chlorophyll meter readings in soybean genotypes as affected by iron-ethylenediamine di-o-hydroxyphenylacetic acid in a calcareous soil. Journal of Plant Nutrition 31, 81-89,

Samarah N, Mullen R, Cianzio S. 2004. Size Distribution and Mineral Nutrients of Soybean Seeds in Response to Drought Stress. Journal of Plant Nutrition 27(5), 815 – 835,

Sarkar D, Mandal B, Kundu MC. 2007. Increasing use efficiency of boron fertilizers by rescheduling the time and methods of application for crops in India. Plant and Soil 301, 77–85.

Sepaskhah AR. 1977. Effects of soil salinity levels and water stress at various soybean growth stages. Canadian Journal of Plant Sciences 57, 925–937.

Singh S, Singh G, Singh P. Singh N. 2008. Effect of water stress at different stages of grain development on the characteristics of starch and protein of different wheat varieties. Food Chemistry 108, 130–139.

Vadez V, Sinclair TR, Serraj R, Purcell LC. 2000. Manganese application alleviates the water deficit-induced decline of N2 fixation. Plant, Cell and Environment 23(5), 497-505,

Van Heerden PDR, Kruger GHJ. 2000. Photosynthetic limitation in soybean during cold stress. South African Journal of Science 96, 201–206.

Yousefi M. 2012. Impact of Zn and Mn foliar application on yield of pumpkin (Cucurbita Pepo L.) under two irrigation regimes. International Journal of Agriculture: Research and Review 2(3), 102-107.

Ziaeian A, Malakoti MJ. 1998. Effect of micronutrient application and application time on increasing yield. Soil and Water 2(1), 56-62.