Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | August 1, 2015

VIEWS 2
| Download 1

Roles of methanol and ascorbic acid foliar application on physiological traits of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) under rainfed condition

Ebrahim Azarpour, Jafar Asghari, Mohammad Naghi Safarzadeh

Key Words:


J. Bio. Env. Sci.7(2), 276-288, August 2015

Certification:

JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Peanut is an agriculturally valuable plant with widespread distribution in the world serving as a subsistence food crop as well as a source of various food products. In order to evaluation the effect of foliar application of methanol and ascorbic acid on physiological traits (crop growth rate, pod growth rate, partitioning factor and pod filling period) of peanut ( Arachis hypogaea L. var.NC2) an experiment was conducted in agricultural research farm of Astaneh Ashrafiyeh (north of Iran) in 2013-2014. A completely randomized block design with three replication on a factorial experiment with two factors including four levels of methanol (0 (Control), 10, 20, and 30 volumetric percentage) and four levels of ascorbic acid (0 (Control), 1000, 2000, and 3000 mg/lit) was used. Methanol and ascorbic acid foliar application was done two times during the growing season with 15 days intervals and spraying start in 73 code stage of BBCH-scale. The results indicated that, the application of methanol and ascorbic acid in different concentrations showed significant increases in all physiological traits (apart from pod filling period) compared with control treatment. Most significant effects were obtained by spraying 20-30 (v/v) methanol and (2000-3000 mg/lit) ascorbic acid at the two application dates. Correlation coefficients among crop growth rate, pod growth rate and partitioning factor were positive and significant, whereas they were negatively and significantly correlated with pod filling period. Therefore, the knowledge of crop physiology through various analysis technique, which involves tracing the history of growth and identifying growth and yield factors contributing for yield variation is a vital tool in understanding the crop behaviour.

VIEWS 2

Copyright © 2015
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Roles of methanol and ascorbic acid foliar application on physiological traits of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) under rainfed condition

Abbasian A, Mirshekari B, Safarzadeh Vishekaei MN, Rashidi V, Aminpanah H. 2015. Foliar application of methanol influences on growth and yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.) under different barnyard grass (Echinochloa crus-galli) densities. IDESIA (Chile) Marzo-Mayo 33(2), 69-75.

Abido WAE, Ibrahim MEM, El-Zeny MM. 2015. Growth, Productivity and Quality of Sugar Beet as Affected by Antioxidants Foliar Application and Potassium Fertilizer Top Dressing. Asian Journal of Crop Science 7, 113-127.

Aboagye LM, Isoda A, Nojima H, Takasaki Y, Yoshimura T, Ishikawa T. 1994. Plant type and dry matter production in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) cultivars, 1: Varietal differences in dry matter production. Japanese Journal of Crop Science 62, 289-297.

Andrade FH, Sadras VO, Vega CRC, Echarte L. 2005. Physiological determinants of crop growth and yield in maize, sunflower and soybean: Their application to crop management, modeling and breeding. Journal of Crop Improvement 14, 51-101.

Babaei F, Heydari shrifabad H, Safarzadeh Vishekaei MN, Normohammadi G, Majidi Harvan I. 2014. Effect of Foliar Application of Methanol and Ascorbic acid on Physiological Characteristics and Yield of Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Advances in Environmental Biology 8(16), 280-285.

Barth C, Moeder W, Klessig DF, Conklin PL. 2004. The timing of senescence and response to pathogens is altered in the ascorbate-deficient Arabidopsis mutant vitamin c-1. Plant Physiology 134, 1784-1792.

Chattha MU, Aamir Sana M, Munir H, Ashraf U, Haq I, Zamir S. 2015. Exogenous application of plant growth promoting substances enhances the growth, yield and quality of maize (Zea mays L.). Plant Knowledge Journal 4(1), 1-6.

Downie A, Miyazaki S, Bohnert H, John P, Coleman J, Parry M, Haslam R. 2004. Expression profiling of the response of Arabidopsis thaliana to methanol stimulation. Phytochemistry 65, 2305-2316.

Duncan WG, McCloud DE, McGraw RL, Boote KJ. 1978. Physiological aspects of peanut yield improvement. Crop Science 18, 1015-1021.

El- Shraiy AM, Hegazi AM. 2009. Effect of Acetylsalicylic Acid, Indole-3- Bytric Acid and Gibberellic Acid on Plant Growth and Yield of Pea (Pisum Sativum L.). Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 3(4), 3514-3523.

Hammer GL, Chapman S, Oostero, van E, Podlich DW. 2005. Trait physiology and crop modelling as a framework to link phenotypic complexity to underlying genetic systems. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 56, 947-960.

Haroa RJ, Baldessaria J, Oteguib ME. 2015. Genetic improvement of peanut in Argentina between 1948 and 2004: Links between phenology and grain yield determinants. Field Crops Research 174, 12-19.

Haro RJ, Dardanelli JL, Otegui ME, Collino DJ. 2008. Seed yield determination of peanut crops under water deficit: Soil strength effects on pod set, the source–sink ratio and radiation use efficiency. Field Crops Research 109, 24-33.

Haro RJ, Otegui ME, Collino DJ, Dardanelli JL. 2007. Seed yield determination and radiation use efficiency in irrigated peanut crops: Response to temperature and source-sink ratio variations. Field Crops Research 103, 217-228.

Jacob DJ, Field BD, Li Q, Blake DR, De Gouw J, Warneke C, Hansel A, Wisthaler A, Singh HB, Guenther A. 2005. Global budget of methanol: constraints from atmospheric observations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 110, D08303.

Jogloy, C, Jaisil P, Akkasaeng C, Kesmala T, Jogloy S. 2011. Heritability and Correlation for Components of Crop Partitioning in Advanced Generations of Peanut Crosses. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 10, 60-66.

Kolb S. 2009. Aerobic methanol-oxidizing bacteria in soil. FEMS Microbiol Lett 300, 1-10.

Komarova TV, Pozdyshev DV, Petrunia IV, Sheshukova EV, Dorokhov YL. 2014. Pectin methylesterase-generated methanol may be involved in tobacco leaf growth. Biochemistry 79, 102-110.

Maboko MM, Du Plooy CP. 2015. Effect of Plant Growth Regulators on Growth, Yield, and Quality of Sweet Pepper Plants Grown Hydroponically. Hort Science 50(3), 383-386.

Malik CP. 1995. Plant growth regulators; software for plant development and crop productivity. Presidential address (Botany section) Indian Sci. Congress Association. 1-5 p.

Meena KC, Gontia AS, Upadhayay A, Rao S. 2013.  Response  of  Ocimum  Germplasms  to  foliar application of Plant Growth promoters. TECHNOFAME- A Journal of Multidisciplinary Advance Research 2(2), 25-30.

Meier U. 2001: Growth stages of mono-and dicotyledonous plants – BBCH Monograph. The BBCH codes are on homepage of the Julius Kühn-Institute. 157 p.

Nagasubramaniam A, Pathmanabhan G, Mallika V. 2007. Studies on improving production potential of baby corn with foliar spray of plant growth regulators. Annual Review of Plant Physiology 21, 154-157.

Nonomura AM, Beson AA. 1992. The path to carbon in photosynthesis: improved crop yields with methanol. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America the Academy 89, 9794-9798.

Ntare BR, Williams JH. 1998. Heritability and genotype x environment interaction for yield and components of yield model in segregating populations of groundnut under semi-arid conditions. African Crop Science Journal 6, 119-127.

O’Keefe JH, Bhatti SK, Bajwa A, DiNicolantonio JJ, Lavie CJ. 2014. Alcohol and cardiovascular health: the dose makes the poisonor the remedy. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 89, 382-393.

Pan S, Rasul F, Li W, Tian H, Mo Z, Duan M, Tang X. 2015. Roles of plant growth regulators on yield, grain qualities and antioxidant enzyme activities in super hybrid rice (Oryza sativa L.). Rice. 6(9), 1-10.

Pastori GM, Kiddle G, Antoniw J, Bernard S, Veljovic-Jovanovic S, Verrier PJ, Noctor G, Foyer CH. 2003. Leaf vitamin C contents modulate plant defense transcripts and regulate genes that control development through hormone signaling. Plant Cell 15, 939-951.

Patrick JW. 1988. Assimilate partitioning in relation to crop productivity. Horticultural Science. 23, 33-40.

Pavet V, Olmos E, Kiddle G, Mowla S, Kumar S, Antoniw J, Alvarez ME, Foyer CH. 2005. Ascorbic acid deficiency activates cell death and disease resistance responses in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiology 139, 1291-1303.

Phakamas N, Patanothai A, Jogloy S, Pannangpetch K, Hoogenboom G. 2008. Physiological Determinants for Pod Yield of Peanut Lines. Crop Science 48, 2351-2360.

Reddy TV, Reddy VR, Anbumozhi V. 2003. Physiological responses of groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.) to drought stress and its amelioration: a critical review. Plant Growth Regulation 41(1), 75-88.

Sharma P, Sardana V. 2012. Effect of growth regulating substances on the chlorophyll, nitrate reductase, leghaemoglobin content and yield in groundnut (Arachis hypogea). The Bioscan 7(1), 13-17.

Sharma P, Sardana V, Kandhola SS. 2013. Dry matter partitioning and source–sink relationship as influenced by foliar sprays in groundnut. The Bioscan 8(4), 1171-1176.

Smirnoff N. 2011. Vitamin C: the metabolism and functions of ascorbic acid in plants. Advances in Botanical Research 59, 107-177.

Soghani M, Yarnia M, Paknejadi F, Fsrahvashi F, Vazan S. 2014. Effect of methanol on physiological indexes, yield and yield components and quality traits of soybean in different irrigation conditions. Crop Research 48, 47-56.

Verma A, Malik CP, Sinsinwar YK, Gupta VK. 2009. Yield Parameters Responses in a Spreading (cv. M-13) and Semi-Spreading (cv. Girnar-2) Types of Groundnut to Six Growth Regulators. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Science 6(1), 88-91.

Wiliams JH. 1992. Concepts for the application of crop physiological models for crop breeding in groundnut. Proceeding of the Internatinal Workshop on a Global Prespective, Nov. 25-29, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patanceru, 345-351 p.

Williams JH. 2000. The implications and applications of resource capture concepts to crop improvement by plant breeding. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 104, 49-58.

Yin X, Struik PC, Kropff MJ. 2004. Role of crop physiology in predicting gene-to-phenotype relationships. Trends Plant Science 9, 423-432.

Zhang Y. 2013. Ascorbic Acid in Plants (Biosynthesis, Regulation and Enhancement). Springer Briefs in Plant Science. 123 p.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background