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Screening of mastitis in dairy cattle’s of district Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan

Research Paper | March 1, 2019

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Majeeda Ruk, Javed Ahmed Ujan, Sham Lal, Majida Parveen Narejo, Sadaf Jumani

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Int. J. Biosci.14( 3), 477-481, March 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.3.477-481


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Dairy cattle mastitis is disease that is usually caused by bacterial infections in udder tissue. When the milk production and quality are reduced, the disease causes considerable damage to cattle. Early detection and corrective actions may lead to early cure. Mastitis can be clinical or subclinical. Clinical mastitis can cause udder milk abnormalities and swelling of udder. A clinical mastitis case reaches 240 million annually, causing huge economic losses and other losses in Pakistan. Therefore, this study aimed to screen out mastitis in cattle present in different farms of district Khairpur. Out of 400 milk samples tested, 298samples were positive for mastitis as indicated by using world-recognized somatic cell counting test (SCC), California Mastitis Test (CMT). Bacteria were isolated and identified based on cultural, microscopic and biochemical tests. Our results show that among the animals reared in the backyard showed highest number ((34.5%), and subsequently surrounding areas (33.5%) and other farms (31.75%) cases of mastitis. In addition, one hundred eighty-three bacterial isolates belonging to 6 different genera i.e Staphylococci (37%), Escherichia (21%), Streptococci (17%), Pseudomonas (13%), Klebsiella (7%) and Bacillus (5%) were isolated. The study showed that routine testing of cattles and preventive measures are recommended to reduce the outbreaks of clinical and subclinical mastitis in Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan.


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Screening of mastitis in dairy cattle’s of district Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan

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