Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

South Khorasan Province, Iran the largest producer of Berberis vulgaris in the World: investigation of tannin content in the fruit

Research Paper | December 1, 2015

| Download 3

Zahra Moodi, Ghodsieh Bagherzade

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.7( 6), 285-292, December 2015


JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]


South Khorasan province which is located in South East of Iran, possesses a vast variety of plants enriched of pharmacological components. One of these valuable plant is barberry (Berberis vulgaris. family Berberidaceae). Considering the importance of plant Berberis vulgaris in popular medicine, we have extensively studied fruit of this plant, concentrating on tannins in this article due to biological effects such as anti-bacterial, anti-tumor and inhibitor of HIV replication. Twenty sample of barberry fruit were collected from different regions in South Khorasan Province, Iran. Total amount of tannins, condensed tannins and total phenols of twenty sample were measured. Total tannins, measured by Folin & Ciocalteu method, and the amount of the total phenols were recorded to tannic acid mg/g of extract. Total condensed phenolics content also was analysed by butanol-HCl assay. Then Statistical analysis was performed and all determinations were made in the triplicate and the values were averaged and reported along with the standard deviation. Results showed that the average rainfall has direct correlation with the amount of tannin for the time interval from March 2013 to July 2013. Meanwhile, our results showed negative correlation between average temperatures and the content of tannin for the period.


Copyright © 2015
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

South Khorasan Province, Iran the largest producer of Berberis vulgaris in the World: investigation of tannin content in the fruit

Alemardan A, Asadi W, Rezaei M, Tabrizi L, Mohammadi S. 2013. Cultivation of Iranian seedless barberry (Berberis integerrima ‘Bidaneh’). Industrial Crops And Products 50, 276–287.

Hatano T, Kira R, Yoshizaki M, Okuda T. 1986. Seasonal changes in the tannins of Liquidanbar formosana reflecting their biogenesis. Phytochemistry 25, 2787-2789.

Imanshahidi M, Hosseinzadeh H. 2008. Pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Berberis vulgaris and its active constituent, berberine. Phytotherapy Research 22, 999–1012.

Javadzadeh SM, Fallah SR. 2012. Therapeutic application of different parts Berberis vulgaris. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences 4, 404–408.

Karou D, Savadogo A, Canini A, Yameogo S, Montesano C, Simpore J, Traore A. 2006. Antibacterial activity of alkaloids from Sida acuta. African Journal of Biotechnology 5, 195–200.

Kähkönen MP, Hopia AI, Vuorela HJ, Rauha JP, Pihlaja K, Kujala TS, Heinonen M. 1999. Antioxidant activity of plant extracts containing phenolic compounds. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 47, 3954-3962.

Makkar HPS, Becker K, Sporer F, Wink M. 1997. Studies on nutritive potential and toxic constituents of different provenances of Jatropha curcas. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 45, 3152–3157.

Glaser G, Stockslager S, Glansdorp N, Ramos D. 2006. Comparative insights into questions of lepidopteran wing pattern homology Antónia Monteiro. BMC Developmental Biology 6, 52.

Okuda T, Ito H. 2011. Tannins of Constant Structure in Medicinal and Food Plants— Hydrolyzable Tannins and Polyphenols Related to Tannins. Molecules 16, 2191–2217.

Pradhan D, Biswasroy P, Suri KA. 2013. Isolation of Berberine from Berberis vulgaris Linn. and Standardization of Aqueous extract by RP-HPLC. International Journal of Herbal Medicine 1, 106-111.

Porter LJ, Histich LN, Chan BG. 1986. The conversion of procyanidins and prodelphinidins to cyanidin and delphinidin, Phytochemistry 25, 230-233.

Rabbani GH, Butler T, Knight J, Sanyal SC, Alam K. 1987. Randomized controlled trial of berberine sulfate therapy for diarrhea due to enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli and Vibrio cholerae. The Journal of Infectious Diseases 155, 979–984.

Rezende P, Borges L, Santos D, Alves N, Paula R. 2015. Effect of Environmental Factors on Phenolic Compounds in Leaves of Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston (Myrtaceae). Modern Chemistry & Applications 3, 2.

Singh A, Duggal S, Kaur N, Singh J. 2010. Berberine: Alkaloid with wide spectrum of pharmacological activities. Journal of Natural Products 3, 64–75.

Sulaiman S, Ibrahim D, Kassim J, Sheh-hong L. 2011. Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of condensed tannin from Rhizophora apiculata barks. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research 3, 436–444.

Sun Y, Xun K, Wang Y, Chen X. 2009. A systematic review of the anticancer properties of berberine, a natural product from Chinese herbs. Anti-Cancer Drugs 20, 757–769.

Zargari A. 1990. Medicinal Plants. Vol. II. Tehran University Press.

Zhang Q, Cai L, Zhong G, Luo W. 2010. Simultaneous determination of jatrorrhizine, palmatine, berberine, and obacunone in Phellodendri Amurensis Cortex by RP-HPLC. Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi = China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica 35, 2061–2064.

Zhou JY, Zhou SW, Zhang K Bin, Tang JL, Guang LX, Ying Y, Li DD. 2008. Chronic effects of berberine on blood, liver glucolipid metabolism and liver PPARs expression in diabetic hyperlipidemic rats. Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 31, 1169-1176.