Status of phytochemicals and antioxidant system of some selective plant species growing in polluted and unpolluted Regions of Makkah Al-Mokorrama, Saudi Arabia

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Status of phytochemicals and antioxidant system of some selective plant species growing in polluted and unpolluted Regions of Makkah Al-Mokorrama, Saudi Arabia

Abdulmohsen Jaman. A. Alzahrani, Abdulmoneim A. Al Toukhy, Abdulrahaman S. Al-Hajar, Md. Mahadi Hasan, Md. Arfan Ali
Int. J. Biosci.16( 1), 470-484, January 2020.
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Air pollution is one of the environmental pollutions affects the plant growth and productivity. Over the last decades, the interactions between air pollutant and the plants has been investigated. The present study was carried out to assess the air pollution effects on phytochemicals and antioxidant system in leaves of five plants species including Aerva javanica, Senna italica, Abutilon pannosum, Conocurpus lancifolia and Calotropis procerra growing in polluted and unpolluted areas in Makkah Al-Mokorrama region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Total phenols (TPC), flavonoids concentration (TFC), free radical scavenging capacity (FRSC)(lower DPPH IC50 values), protein, proline content, and activities of polyphenoloxidase (PPO), peroxidase (POD) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) enzymes in leaf were higher in plant species growing in polluted area as compared to unpolluted one. In contrast, photosynthetic pigments such as chlorophyll-a, chlorophyll-b and carotenoids, total soluble sugar (TSS) content, and activity of catalase (CAT) enzyme in leaf were higher in unpolluted site species as compared to polluted one. In polluted area, the highest photosynthetic pigments, TPC, TFC, FRSC, and activity of PPO were observed in Senna italica, but the highest proline content and APX activity in Conocurpus lancifolia, while the highest TSS content and POD activity in Calotropis procerra species, however the highest protein content and CAT activity in Aerva javanica and Abutilon pannosum species, respectively. These findings suggest that Senna italica species has a more effective defense system than the other species studied. The findings of this study will contribute to understand the underlying mechanisms of air pollutants and plants..


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