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Sugar complex of Zuenoula (Central-West of Côte d’Ivoire), an example of a functional agro-ecosystem

Research Paper | December 1, 2019

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Kouassi K. Claude, Delo Z.I. Richard, Traoré Karidia

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Int. J. Biosci.15( 6), 202-209, December 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.6.202-209


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The effects of climate change observed in Côte d’Ivoire are expressed dangerously on the production of sugar cane, the main source of existence of sugar structures like SUCRIVOIRE. So, SUCRIVOIRE decided to develop a policy to protect the immediate environment of sugarcane cultivation in an agro-ecosystem context. In order to clearly define the axes of this environmental policy, which aims at supporting and guaranteeing sugar production, it was important to evaluate all the ecosystem goods and services offered by the Zuénoula sugar estate, hence the initiation of this work. To carry out this work, a floristic inventory method based on the itinerant technique was carried out in the off-sugar plots. A socio-cultural and socio-economic survey was carried out among the living populations on the SUCRIVOIRE Zuénoula estate. The results of the work revealed the cohabitation of the sugar cane crop with seven (7) natural forest reserves of 120.54 ha and containing 471 species, including 11 species with special status and 17 species representing species exploitable in terms of timber artwork; thirteen (13) crops other than sugar cane occupying 392.28 ha and belonging to 324 farmers for whom the only cultivation of rice yields the sum of 433 822 500 FCFA per year. It emerges from this study that this agro-ecosystem in its operation, presents itself as a high natural value agriculture offering services such as: the supply of food, financial and genetic resources, that of support in primary production and habitat and that of microclimate control. These different services are guidelines for a sugarcane environmental protection policy that must be based on a program of planning, sustainable and participative management.


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Sugar complex of Zuenoula (Central-West of Côte d’Ivoire), an example of a functional agro-ecosystem

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