The decrease of underground water surface, subsidence and ground drying in Minab plain: A horrible catastrophe

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/06/2015
Views (114) Download (4)

The decrease of underground water surface, subsidence and ground drying in Minab plain: A horrible catastrophe

Hamzeh Torkamani Tombaki, Jafar Rahnamarad
J. Bio. Env. Sci.6( 6), 534-539, June 2015.
Certificate: JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]


Minab Plain is one of the most significant plains of Hormozgan province. The increase of population, development of agriculture and consecutive droughts have led to excessive withdrawal and pressure on the plain’s water resources as well as the fall of the level of underground waters. Due to the decrease of underground water’s level, any exploitation of this plain has been prohibited since 2007. The fall of the level of underground waters has led to subsidence of the ground and numerous fractures of the plain. The vegetation of the plan is destructing. The palm trees with an age of thirty to forty years have dried and numerous cracks on many of the surrounding buildings are evident. The channel of wells has “lengthened”, the local access roads have been destructed and power poles are falling. The subsidence of the ground in the villages of Gavmish, Chello-Gishno, Gourzang, Nasirai and Tomback is evident. The results of initial studies show that the most severe drop of the level of underground water has occurred since 2001.


Chatterjee RS, Funeau B, Rudant JP, Frison PL, Lakhera RC, Dahwal VK, Saha R. 2006. Subsidence of Kokata (Calcutta) city, India during 1990s as observed from spacing differential synthetic aperture radar interferometry (D-InSAR) TECHNIQUE, remote Sensing of Environment 102, 185-176.

Haghighat Jo P, Valdan-Zoj M, Sahebi M, Dehghani M. 2011. Measurement of subsidence of Hashtgerd Plain due to extraction of underground waters through InSAR technique.

Khalkhali G. 1995. The natural characteristics of underground water resources and their significance in Iran. Collection of Papers for the National Conference of Underground Water Resources, Sirjan.

Lashkaripur G, Rostami Barani H, Kohandel A, Tershizi H. 2007. The subsidence of underground water level and drop in Kashmar Plain. Collection of Papers for the Tenth Conference of Geological Science.

Lofgern BE. 1969. Field measurement of aquifer system compaction, Sanjoaquin Balley, California, U.S.A , Proc, of Tokyo, Symp, on land subsidence, IASH-UNSCO, 272-284.

Milani H. 1995. The additional withdrawal of underground water resources and its effects. Collection of Papers of National Conference of Water Resources.

Rahnamrad J, Farhang R, Hosseini SA. 2009. Subsidence of Mashhad Plain due to unchecked withdrawal of underground waters. Journal of Geology and Environment of Eslam Shahr 5,135-146.

Regional Water Organization of Hormozgan Province. 2008. Balance report of hydrology of Minab Plai. Department of Studies of Water Resources of Hormozgan Province.

Scott RF. 1979. Subsidence – revaluation and prediction of subsidence. In Saxema, S, K, Proc. Cnof. ASCE, Gainsville 243- 256.