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The effect of changes of N, P, and Ca on Coriandrum sativum L.’s essence and its components

Mojgan Shoghi Jamil, Mahdis Ebrahimzade, Mohammad Reza Hassandokht

Key Words: Coriandrum sativum L., Macro nutrition, Essence, GC-MC


Int. J. Biosci.4(9), 1-9, May 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/4.9.1-9

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Abstract

Coriandrum sativum L. is classified as Apiaceae type plants. The plants of this family are famous because of having different active components such as extract oils. Regarding important role of macro nutrition in production of active components, present study considered essence content of Coriandrum sativum L. under 4 treatments (complete Hoagland, low Nitrate (N) Hoagland, low Phosphate (P) Hoagland, and full Calcium (Ca) Hoagland) after cultivating them in pots including perlite. This consideration was done after field cultivation of these plants, to compare their oil types and amounts. To do so, GC-MS was used after extraction from shoots, roots and seeds by Clevenger, and its components were identified. Linalool was determined as a main component which existed in shoots of cultivated samples in pots, cultivated plants if full Ca environment had the highest percentage of Linalool, similar results achieved about cultivated plants in filed format. In addition other components were identified such as Geraniol acetate, α-Pinene, and β-Bisabolol.

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The effect of changes of N, P, and Ca on Coriandrum sativum L.’s essence and its components

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