The use of nuclear technology on soybean meal and corn on blood biochemical parameters in broiler breeder

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/11/2012
Views (155) Download (2)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

The use of nuclear technology on soybean meal and corn on blood biochemical parameters in broiler breeder

Samad Zamanzad Ghavidel, Kambiz Nazer Adl, Parvin Shawrang, Yahya Ebrahim Nejhad, Abbas Majd Abadi, Naser maheriSis, Habib Aghdam Shahriyar
Int. J. Biosci.2( 11), 101-108, November 2012.
Certificate: IJB 2012 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to determine effect of Electron Beam Irradiation (EBI) on nutritional value of corn and soybean meal in poultry. Sixteen Rosters and 80 Hen Ross 308 (46-week-age) with an average BW of 5.71 and 4.65, respectively, were randomly distributed into 4 treatment group (4 repeated cage for each treatment) and received experimental diets (at 0, 30, 40 and50 KGy levels) as a NRC requirements needs. At the end of study from each repeated cages 2 hens selected randomly and 5cc blood sample was taken using wing vain using disposable syringe. . Blood samples were centrifuged at 5000 rpm for 10 minute and plasma was separated and stored at -20 ºc until used. Plasma Total Protein (TP), Albumin (ALB), Glucose (Glu) and Uric Acid concentration were determined by calorimetric method. According to the results there were a significant differences in Total protein, Albumin and Glucose levels between treatment groups compare to control group (P=<0.05). Also, there was no significant difference in uric acid variables between experimental groups during the study (P=>0.05).

VIEWS 2

Ananthaswamy HN, Vakil U.K, Sreenivasan A. 1970a. Effect of gamma radiation on wheat starch and its components. Journal of Food Science 35,795–758.

Ananthaswamy HN, Vakil U.K, Sreenivasan A. 1970b. Susceptibility to amylolysis of gammairradiated wheat. . Journal of Food Science 35,792–794.

Bravo L, Siddhuraju P, Saura-Calixto F. 1998. Effect of various processing methods on the in vitro starch digestibility and resistant starch content of Indian pulses. Journal of Agriculture Food Chemistry 46, 4667–74.

Choct M, Annison G, Trimble RP. 1992; Soluble wheat pentosans exhibit different anti-nutritive activities in intact and cecetomized broiler chickens. Journal of Nutrition 122, 2457- 2465.

Colonna P, Leloup V, Bul´eon A. 1992. Limiting factors of starch hydrolysis. Eurpe Journal of Clinical Nutrition 46,127–32.

El Saadany RMA, El Saadany FM, Foda YH. 1974. Modification of rice starch by gamma irradiation to produce soluble starch of low viscosity for industrial purposes. Starch/St¨arke 26,422–5.

Garrison WM. 1987. Reaction mechanism in the radiolysis of peptides, polypeptides, and proteins. Chemistry Review 87, 381–398.

Go˜ ni I, Garcia-Alonso A, Saura-Calixto F. 1997. A starch hydrolysis procedure to estimate glycemic index. Nutrition Research 17,427–37.

Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Buckley G, Lam KY, Giudici S, Kalmusky J, Jenkins AL, Patten RL, Bird J, Wong GS, Josse RG. 1988. Low-glycemic-index starchy foods in the diabetic diet. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 48,248– 54.

Kerf MD, Mondelaers W, Lahorte P, Vervaet C, Remon JP. 2001. Characterization and disintegration properties of irradiated starch. Intrnational Journal of Pharmacology 221, 69–76.

Krystyna CA, Roosb Y, Wojciech G, Uszewski l. 2000. Denaturation processes in gamma irradiated proteins studied by dierential scanning calorimetry. Radiation Physics and Chemistry 58, 233-243.

Kume T, Rahman S, Ishigaki I. 1988. Change in digestibility of gamma irradiated by low temperature cooking. Starch 40, 155–8.

Lacroixa M, Lea TC, Ouattaraa B, Yua H, Letendrea M, Sabatoc SF, Mateescub MA, Patterson G. 2002. Use of g-irradiation to produce films from whey, casein and soya proteins: structure and functionals characteristics. Radiation Physics and Chemistry 63, 827-832.

Latshaw JD, Freeland K. 2008. Metabolizable energy values determined with intact and cecectomized roosters. Journal of Poultry Science 87,101- 103.

Lee JI, Kang S, Ahn DU, Lee M. 2001. Formation of cholesterol oxides in irradiated raw and cooked chicken meat during storage. Journal of Poultry Science 80,105–108.

Lewis SJ, Vela´squez A, Cuppett SL, McKee S. R. 2002. Effect of Electron Beam Irradiation on Poultry Meat Safety and Quality. Journal of Poultry Science 81, 896–903.

MacArthur LA, D’Appolonia BL. 1983. Gamma radiation of wheat. I. Effects on dough and baking properties. Cereal Chemistry 60, 456–60.

McNab JM, FisherC. 1982. The choice between apparent and true metabolisable energy systems – recent evidence. Proceedings of the 3rd European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition, The European Federation of Branches of World’s Poultry Science Association p, 45–55.

McNab. 2000. CAB International 2000. Farm Animal Metabolism and Nutrition Chapter 14. Pp, 307- 315.

Nadeem MA Gilani AH, Khan AG, Mahr U. 2005. True Metabolizable Energy Values of Poultry Feedstuffs in Pakistan. International journal of agriculture and biology 6,990–994.

Panlasigui LN, Thompson LU, Juliano BO, Perez CM, Yiu SH, Greenberg GR. 1991. Rice varieties with similar amylose content differ in starch digestibility and glycemic response in humans. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 54, 871–7.

PKW NG, Bushuk W, Borsa J. 1989. Effect of gamma ray and high-energy electron irradiations on breadmaking quality of two Canadian wheat cultivars. Canadian Institute of Food Science and Technology Journal 22,173–6.

Rombo GO, Taylor JRN, Minnaar A. 2001. Effect of irradiation, with and without cooking of maize and kidney bean flours, on porridge viscosity and in vitro starch digestibility. Journal of Science Food Agriculture 81, 497–502.

Sagum R, Arcot J. 2000. Effect of domestic processing methods on the starch, non-starch polysaccharides and in vitro starch and protein digestibility of three varieties of rice with varying levels of amylose. Food Chemistry 70,107–11.

Saint-Lebe L, Berger G, Michel JP, Huchette M, Fleche G. 1978. US Patent 4, 115 146.

Shawrang P, Nikkhah A, Zare-Shahneh A, Sadeghi AA, Raisali G, Moradi- Shahrebabak M. 2007. Effects of gamma irradiation on protein degradation of soybean meal. Animal Feed Science and Technology 134, 140–151.

Shawrang P,Nikkhah A, Zare-Shahneh A, Sadeghi AA, Raisali G, Moradi- Shahrebabak M. 2008. Effectsofg-irradiation on chemicalcomposition and ruminal protein degradation of canolameal. Radiation Physics and Chemistry 77, 918–922.

Shishonok MV, Litvyak VV,  Murashko  EA, Grinyuk EV, Sal’nikov LI, Roginets LP, Krul LP. 2007. Structure and Properties of Electron-Beam Irradiated Potato Starch. High Energy Chemistry 41, No. 6, 425–429.

Statistical Analysis System, 2003. User’s Guide: Statistics, Version 9.1, SAS Institute, NC, USA.

Taghinejad-Roudbaneh M, Ebrahimi, SR, Azizi, S, Shawrang P. 2010. Effects of electron beam irradiation on chemical composition, antinutritional factors, ruminal degradation and in vitro protein digestibility of canola meal. Radiation Physics and Chemistry 79, 1264–1269.

Wan HF, Chen W, Qi ZL, Peng P, Peng J. 2009. Prediction of true metabolizable energy from chemical composition of wheat milling by-products for ducks. Journal of Poultry Science 88, 92–97.

Wurzburg OB. 1986. Nutritional aspects and safety of modified food starches. Nutrition Review 44, 74– 9.