Typology of local poultry breeding of Gallus gallus species in family poultry in Benin

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/04/2013
Views (362) Download (10)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Typology of local poultry breeding of Gallus gallus species in family poultry in Benin

Issaka Youssao Abdou Karim, Ulbad Polycape Tougan, Serge Gbênagnon Ahounou, Bernice Finagnon José Houessionon, Bénoît Koutinhouin
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.3( 4), 1-13, April 2013.
Certificate: IJAAR 2013 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The characterization of breeding systems enables to identify the types of breeding in order to elaborate development activities. The aim of this study was to characterize the types of local chicken breedings of Benin. Thus, 216 local chicken breeders of the twelve departments of Benin were interviewed. Three Types of breeding were identified. The Type 1 corresponds to livestock breeders who are not provided with schooling and includes farmers, artisans and housewives. They are distributed in almost all departments of Benin and constitute 77.78% of the survey population. The average herd size is 33 chickens and veterinary treatments or health follow-up are not practiced. In Type 2, the farmers are not provided with schooling; only a few have the primary or secondary standards. These farmers are more concentrated in Alibori, Atacora and Donga. This type of breeding regroups mostly housewives who do a food crops. The average herd size is 27 chickens and the sick birds are not usually treated. The sale of animals is not primordial. Farmers in this group represent 16.68% of the sampled population. Finally, in the Type 3, breeders have a high school standard and do agriculture as dominant activity. They represent 5.5% of the sampled population and practice their activities in north Benin. The herds are of large scale (92 heads) and the animals profit from a good medicare by administration of vitamin complex, antibiotics, vaccines and deworming based on veterinary requirements. Improving local chicken breeding must take into account the particularity of each breeding type.

VIEWS 21

Agoli-Agbo E, Lacroix P, Geay F, Guezodje L. 2005. Chronique d’une organisation de producteurs pour la défense, la promotion et la modernisation de l’aviculture béninoise. Association Nationale des Aviculteurs du Bénin (ANAB). Les notes de synthèse du Paimaf, Note N°7-2005, 6p.

Ahuja V, Sen A. 2007. Scope and Space for Small Scale Poultry Production in Developing Countries. In: FAO. 2008. Poultry in the 21st Century: avian influenza and beyond. Proceedings of the International Poultry Conference, held 5–7 November 2007, Bangkok, Thailand. Edited by O. Thieme and D. Pilling. FAO Animal Production and Health, Proceedings, No. 9. Rome, 130p.

Ali A, Yilma JN, De Haan N, Gebril OM, Ettel T, Negro-Calduch E, Lubroth J. 2011. Poultry consumer needs and preferences in Egypt. A study report for FAO ECTAD-Egypt, 156p.

ASECNA. 2012. Agence pour la sécurité de la navigation aérienne en Afrique et à Madagascar. Rapport annuel d’activité, Cotonou, 32p.

Assani S. 2005. Caractéristiques des élevages avicoles traditionnels et évaluation de la productivité des poules locales par incubation naturelle dans la commune d’Abomey-Calavi. Mémoire DIT, Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Bénin, 54p.

Awan MA, Otte MJ, James AD. 1994. The epidemiology of Newcastle disease in rural poultry: A review. Avian Pathology 23, 405-423.

Bebay C-E. 2006. Première évaluation de la structure et de l’importance du secteur avicole commercial et familial en Afrique de l’Ouest. Synthèse des rapports nationaux Bénin, Cameroun, Mali, Niger, Sénégal, Togo. Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’Alimentation et l’Agriculture, 22p.

Behnke D, Otte J, Hos DR. 2010. Assessing smallholder producer viability after HPAI in Lao PDR. Controlling avian flu and protecting people’s livelihoods in the Mekong region. FAO-RAP seminar on Poultry value chains, Bangkok, Thailand, 29p.

Benabdeljelil K, Arfaoui T. 2000. Rural poultry in Morocco: case of Kenifra region. INFPD Newsletter (1&2), 13-14.

Dinka H, Chala R, Dawo F, Bekana E, Leta S. 2010. Major Constraints and Health Management of Village Poultry Production in Rift Valley of Oromia, Ethiopia. American-Eurasian Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Science 9, 529-533.

Ekue FN, Pone KD, Mafeni MJ, Nfi AN? Njoya J. 2002. Survey of the traditional poultry production system in the Bamenda area, Cameroon. In Characteristics and Parameters of Family Poultry Production in Africa. FAO/IAEA Co-ordinated Research Programme on Assessment of the effectiveness of vaccination strategies against Newcastle disease and Gumboro disease using immunoassay-based technologies for increasing farmyard poultry production in Africa. IAEA Vienna.

El-Yuguda AD, Ngulde IS, Abubakar MB, Baba SS. 2007. Village chicken health, management and production indices in selected villages of Borno State, Nigeria. Family Poultry 17, 1&2, 41-48.

El-Yuguda AD, Dokas UM, Baba SS. 2005. The effects of Newcastle and infectious bursal disease vaccines, climate and other factors on village chicken population in North-eastern Nigeria. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment 3(1), 55-57.

Fasina F, Ali A, Yilma J, Thieme O, Ankers P. 2011. The cost-benefit of biosecurity measures on infectious diseases in the Egyptian household poultry. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 103 (2-3), 178-191.

Fotsa J-C, Bordas A, Rognon X, Tixier-Boichard M, Pone Kamdem D, Manjeli Y. 2007. Caractérisation des élevages et des poules locales et comparaison en station de leurs performances à celles d’une souche commerciale de type label au Cameroun. Journées de la Recherche Avicole (Tours), 414-417.

Guèye EF. 1998. Village egg and fowl meat production in Africa. World’s Poultry Science Journal 54, 73-86.

Kusina JF, Kusina NT, Mhlanga F. 2001. A survey on Village chicken losses: Causes and solutions as perceived by farmers. Proceedings of SADC planning workshop on Newcastle disease control in village chickens, Maputo, Mozambique, 6-9 March 2000, Australian Center for International Agricultural Research. Canberra Proceedings 103, 148-155.

Magwisha HB, Kassuku AA, Kyvsgaard NC, Permin A. 2002. A Comparison of the Prevalence and Burdens of Helminth Infections in Growers and Adult Free-Range Chickens. Tropical Animal Health and Production 34, 205-214.

Mankor A. 2009. Evolution du secteur de l’élevage Ouest africain, Consommation urbaine de viande en Afrique de l’Ouest : l’exemple de Dakar. Grain de Sel 46-47, 16-17.

Maphosa T, Kusina JF, Kusina NT, Makuza S, Sibanda S. 2004. A monitoring study comparing production of village chickens between communal (Nharira) and small-scale commercial (Lancashire) farming areas in Zimbabwe. Livestock Research Rural Development 16 (7).

Mapiye  C,  Sibanda  S.  2005.  Constraints  and opportunities of village chicken production systems in the smallholder sector of Rushinga District of Zimbabwe. Livestock Research Rural Development 17 (10), Livestock Research for Rural Development 17 (10).

Mapiye C, Mwale M, Mupangwa JF, Chimonyo M, Foti R, Mutenje MJ. 2008. A Research Review of Village Chicken Production Constraints and Opportunities in Zimbabwe. Asian-Australian Journal of Animal Science 21 (11), 1680 – 1688.

Menge EO, Kosgey IS, Kahi AK. 2005. Chicken in Different Production Systems. International Journal of Poultry Science 4 (11), 827-839.

Miao ZH, Glatz PC, Ru YJ. 2005. Free-range poultry production – A review. Asian-Australian Journal of Animal Science 18 (1), 113- 132.

Minga UM, Katule AM, Maeda T, Musasa J. 1989. Potential and problems of the traditional chicken industry in Tanzania. Proceedings of the 7th Tanzania veterinary scientific conference, Arusha. 207-215.

Mlozi RMS, Kakengi VAM, Minga MU, Mtambo MA, Olsen EJ. 2003. Marketing of free-range local chickens in Morogoro and Kilosa urban markets, Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development 15 (2).

Moula N. 2012. Biodiversité avicole dans les pays industrialisés et en développement : caractérisation et étude des performances de production des races gallines locales. Thèse de Doctorat en Sciences Vétérinaires. Université de Liège, Belgique, 254p.

Moreki JC, Masupu KV. 2001. Country report: Botswana. In: SADC Planning Workshop on Newcastle Disease Control in Village Chickens. Proceedings of an International Workshop (Alders, R.G. and Spradbrow, P.B., Eds.), 6-9 March 2000, Maputo, Mozambique. ACIAR Proceedings, 103, 5-10.

Muchadeyi CF, Sibanda S, Kusina TN, Kusina J, Makuza S. 2004. The village chicken production system in Rushinga District of Zimbabwe.

Muchadeyi FC, Sibanda S, Kusina NT, Kusina JF, Makuza S. 2005. Village chicken flock dynamics and the contribution of chickens to household livelihoods in a smallholder farming are in Zimbabwe. Tropical Animal Health and Production 37(4), 333-334.

Mwale M, Bhebhe E, Chimonyo M, Halimani TE. 2005. Use of herbal plants in poultry health management in the Mushagashe Small-Scale Commercial Farming Area in Zimbabwe. International Journal of Applied Research in Veterinary Medicine 3(2), 163-170.

Mwalusanya NA. 1998. Productivity and nutritional status of local chickens under village management conditions. MSc Thesis, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Copenhagen, Denmark, 220p.

Mwalusanya NA, Katule AM, Mutayoba SK, Mtambo MMA, Olsen JE, Minga UM. 2001. Productivity of local chickens under village management conditions. Tropical Animal Health and Production 34 (12), 405–416.

Pedersen CV. 2002. Production of semi-scavenging chickens in Zimbabwe. PhD Thesis; The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Copenhagen, Denmark, 230p.

Permin A, Magwisha H, Kassuku AA, Nanssen P, Bisgaard M, Frandsen F, Gibbons L. 1997. A cross-sectional study of helminths in rural scavenging poultry in Tanzania in relation to season and climate. Journal of Helminthology 71, 233-240.

Rajiur Rahman SM. 2011. Documentation of good practices for family poultry development in Swaziland. Training Report for FAO, 4, 28-57.

Sonaiya EB, Swan SEJ. 2004. Production en aviculture familiale, un manuel technique. Organisation des Nations-Unies pour l’Alimentation et l’Agriculture, Rome, 140p

Tadelle D, Million T, Alemu Y, Peters KJ.2003. Village chicken production systems in Ethiopia: 2. Use patterns and performance valuation and chicken products and socio-economic functions of chicken. Livestock Research for Rural Development 15(1).

Tadelle D, Alemu Y, Peters KJ. 2000. Indigenous chicken in Ethiopia: Genetic potential and attempts at improvement. Poultry Science 56, 45-54.

Teng T. 2011. Family poultry – impact on household incomes and dietary diversities in Luang Prabang Province, Lao-PDR. Family Poultry Communications 20 (2), 10-16.

Tougan U. 2008. Enquête sur les systèmes d’élevage et le polymorphisme moléculaire des populations locales de volaille de l’espèce Gallus gallus au Nord et au Sud du Bénin. Mémoire DIT, Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Bénin, 60p.

Youssao AKI, Senou M, Dahouda M, Kpodekon TM, Jenontin J, Idrissou N-D, Bonou AG, Tougan PU, Assogba HM, Bankole E, Rognon X, Tixier-Boichard M. 2009. Genetic improvement of local chickens by crossing with the Label Rouge (T55XSA51): Carcass Characteristic, Organoleptic Qualities and Heterosis Effects, International Journal of Poultry Science 8 (7), 626-633.

Youssao AKI, Tobada PC, Koutinhoun BG, Dahouda M, Idrissou ND, Bonou G A, Tougan UP, Ahounou S, Yapi-Gnaoré V, Kayang B, Rognon K, Tixier-Boichard M. 2010. Phenotypic characterization and molecular polymorphism of indigenous poultry populations of the species Gallus gallus of Savannah and Forest ecotypes of Benin. African Journal of Biotechnology 9 (3), 369-381.

Youssao AKI, Senou M, Dahouda M, Idrissou ND, Amoussou-Sydol E, Tougan U P, Ahounou S, Yapi-Gnaoré V, Kayang B, Rognon X, Tixier-Boichard M, Kpodékon TM. 2011. Laying performances and egg quality characteristics of F1 crossbred hens resulting from Label Rouge (T55XSA51) and two local ecotypes as parental lines. International Journal of Livestock Production 2(6), 69-78.

Youssao AKI, Assogba NM, Alkoiret TI, Dahouda M, Idrissou N-D, Kayang BB, Yapi-Gnaoré V, Assogba HM, Houinsou AS, Ahounou S, Tougan UP, Rognon X, Tixier-Boichard M. 2012. Comparison of growth performance, carcass characteristics and sensory characters of Benin indigenous chickens and Label Rouge (T55×SA51). African Journal of Biotechnology 6, 15569-15579.