Variability and heritability of nutritional composition among L. siceraria landraces from Northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

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Research Paper 01/07/2020
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Variability and heritability of nutritional composition among L. siceraria landraces from Northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Lungelo Given Buthelezi, Sydney Mavengahama, Nontuthuko Rosemary Ntuli
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.17( 1), 26-41, July 2020.
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Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standley of the Cucurbitaceae family has nutritious tender shoots, fruits, and seeds that are of culinary use in rural communities as vegetables. However, no studies on variation, correlation, heritability and genetic advance of its nutritional traits were conducted in northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. This study aimed to characterise nutritional variability and heritability among L. siceraria genotypes from different origins. Nutritional traits were compared among different landraces using ANOVA, correlation, principal component analysis, cluster analysis and heritability estimates. Landraces varied significantly in their nutritional traits. Significant positive correlations were recorded among nutritional traits. The first three informative principal components had a total variability of 80.270%. Landraces in a biplot and dendrogram clustered closely to the nutritional components they strongly relate with, either positively or negatively. In five distinct clusters, landraces NRC, KSP and NRB were singletons in Clusters I, II and V, respectively. Cluster (III) consisted of NqSC, KSC, KRI, NSRC and DSI; whereas Cluster IV grouped landraces NSRC, RRP, MSC, NSRP, NqRC and RSP. High heritability estimates and genetic advance were recorded among nutritional traits. Therefore, this study serves as a reference for potential L. siceraria germplasm with ideal nutritional composition for future breeding programmes.


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