Variation of groundwater quality in the poultry farming using cluster and multivariate factor analysis: a case study from middle atlas area, Morocco

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/11/2013
Views (289) Download (4)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Variation of groundwater quality in the poultry farming using cluster and multivariate factor analysis: a case study from middle atlas area, Morocco

Bengoumi Driss, El Moustaine Radouane, Chahlaoui Abdelkader
Int. J. Biosci.3( 11), 140-147, November 2013.
Certificate: IJB 2013 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The present study was carried out to assess the quality and the suitability of the wells waters used for drinking of poultry in Middle atlas area. The work was performed on 20 wells in June 2011 (rainy season) and February 2012 (dry season). Numerous monitoring data and water quality index obtained from 20 regional monitoring wells are simplified and classified by applying the multivariate statistical methods such as factor and cluster analysis to search for the interrelation between the water quality parameters, factors representing the characteristics as well as possible pollution sources of groundwater quality used as drinking water of poultry in Middle Atlas area, Morocco. Three principal factors were recognized in concerned area using principal component analysis (PCA) including salinization factor, mineralization factor and inorganic factor. All three factors can interpret 81.0% variances of the integrated groundwater characteristics. In addition three clusters were classified according to the similar and dissimilar characteristics of water quality of monitoring wells in the farming of poultry in Middle Atlas. The results showed that the groundwater quality in clusters G1 and G’1 is better as compared with the other clusters. Multivariate statistical methods provided by this study can not only reduce the harassment of the missing items of monitoring water quality, but also refer as a management alternative for groundwater resources.

VIEWS 14

Alberto WD, Del PDM, Valeria AM, Fabiana PS, Cecilia HA, De Los ABM. 2001. Pattern recognition techniques for the evaluation of spatial and temporal variations in water quality. A case study: Suquıa River Basin (Cordoba-Argentina). Water Resources research 35, 2881-2894.

Anazawa K, Ohmori H. 2005. The hydrochemistry of surface waters in Andesitic Volcanic area, Norikura volcano, central Japan. Chemosphere 59, 605-615. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.10.01 8

Bedient PB, Rifai HS, Newell CJ. 1999. Ground Water Contamination Transport and Remediation, 2nd edition. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Bengoumi D, Chahlaoui A, El moustaine R, Belghiti L et Samih M. 2013. Typologie de la qualité des eaux des puits utilisées pour l’abreuvement de volailles (Gharb et Meknes- maroc), ScienceLib Editions Mersenne : Volume 5, N ° 130507 ISSN 2111-4706.

Bengoumi M, Traoure A. Bouchriti N, Bengoumi D, et EL Haraiki A. 2004. Qualité de l’eau en aviculture, Revue trimestrielle d’information scientifique et technique-Volume 3-numéro 1, 5-29 p.

Brown CE. 1998. Applied Multivariate Statistics in Geohydrology and Related Sciences. Springer, New York.

Charriere A. 1990. Inheritance Hercynian and Alpine geodynamic evolution of intracontinental chain: the Middle Atlas southeast of Fez (Morocco), state thesis, Toulouse.

Chen K, Jiao JJ, Huang J, Huang R. 2007. Multivariate statistical evaluation of trace elements in groundwater in a coastal area in Shenzhen, China, Environmental Pollution 147(3), 771-780.

Danielsson A, Cato I, Carman R, Rahm L. 1999. Spatial clustering of metals in the sediments of the Skagerrak/Kattegat. Application. Geochemistry 14, 689-706.

EL Moustaine R, Chahlaoui A, Rour E, Bengoumi D et Belghiti ML. 2013. Study of the physico-chemical and bacteriological water quality of some wells and springs by using a Principal Component Analysis (PCA): A case study from Meknes area, (Morocco), Revue les technologies de laboratoire, Volume 8, N°33.

Es Said Azzouzi, Ali Abidar. 2005. Agriculture Situation Report For Morocco, Research conducted under the European sixth framework program (Priority 8.1), Integrating and Strengthening the European Research Area, the Medfrol project or the EU 49, 5-6 p.

Farnham IM, Stetzenbach KJ, Singh AK, Johannesson KH. 2000. Deciphering groundwater flow systems in Oasis Valley, Nevada, Using trace element chemistry, multivariate statistics and Geographical Information System. Math. Geol 32, 943-968.

Farooq MA, Malik MA, Hussain A, Abbasi HN. 2010. Multivariate Statistical Approach for the Assessment of Salinity in the Periphery of Karachi, Pakistan. World Applied Sciences Journal 11(4), 379-387.

Fedan BE, La Ville, El Mezgueldia, 1989. The Jurassic basin of the Middle Atlas (Morocco): example of relay pool setbacks. Ball. Soc. Geol. France, t.v, 6, 1123-1136.

Helena B, Pardo R, Vega M, Barrado E, Fernandez JM, Fernandez L. 2000. Temporal evolution of groundwater composition in an alluvial aquifer Pisuerga River, Spain by principal component analysis. Water Research, Vol. 34, No. 3, 807-816 p.

Huang YC, Wu TN, Cheng PJ. 2005. Characterization of groundwater quality by multivariate statistical analysis: an example from Kaohsiung County, Taiwan. In Water and Wastewater Management for Developing Countries, eds K Mathew and I Nhapi, Water and Environment Management Series, IWA Publishing, London.

Lashkar GD, Ouarrache, Charrière A, 2000. New palynological data on the sedimentary formations associées Triassic basalts of the mapping of the Middle Atlas and High Moulouya (Morocco),Revue of Micropaleontology 43, 281-299.

Liu CW, Lin KH, Kuo YM. 2003. Application of factor analysis in the assessment of groundwater quality in a blackfoot disease area in Taiwan. The Science of the Total Environment 1(3), 77-89.

Meng SX, Maynard JB. 2001. Use of statistical analysis to formulate conceptual models of geochemical behavior: water chemical data from Butucatu aquifer in Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Journal of Hydrology 250, 78- 97.

Otto M, 1998. Multivariate methods. In: Kellner, R., Mermet, J. M., Otto, M., Widmer, H.M.(Eds), Analytical Chemistry. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany.

Ouarhache D. 2002. Sedimentation and volcanic activity (effusive and explosive) Triassic rifting and associated infra-Liassic in the south-western Middle Atlas and High Moulouya (Morocco), state thesis, University Mohammed V, Rabat.

Rodier J, Legube B. Merlet N, et coll. 2009. L’analyse de l’eau. Eaux naturelles, eaux résiduaires, eau de mer. Dunod, 9e éd, 1579 p.

Williams RE. 1982. Statistical identification of hydraulic connections between the surface of a mountain and internal mineralized sources. Groundwater 20, 466-478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-6584.1982.tb02767.x

Wu TN, Huang YC, Lee MS, Kao CM. 2005. Source identification of groundwater pollution with the aid of multivariate statistical analysis,” Water Science and Technology: Water Supply 5(6), 281-288.