Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | October 1, 2015

VIEWS 1
| Download 1

Weed species diversity and population indices in irrigated and rain-fed chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)

Rouhollah Amini, Hadi Abdi, Ayoub Ahmadi

Key Words:


J. Bio. Env. Sci.7(4), 147-154, October 2015

Certification:

JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the species diversity and population indices of weeds in irrigated and rain-fed chickpea (Cicerarietinum L.) fieldsof Kermanshah Iran, in 2014.The irrigated, spring and winter rain-fed fields of chickpea were selected for sampling of weed species population. The field surveys were made during the chickpea flowering stage. The weeds in 0.25 m2quadrats were harvested and the frequencyindex, uniformity, density, averagedensityandabundance indexwas calculated.The results showed that in irrigatedchickpea fields thejohnsongrass(Sorghum halepense(L.) Pers.)andlambsquarters (Chenopodium albumL.) had the highest frequency, uniformity, density and abundance index.In the winter rain-fed chickpea the common hedge parsley (Torilisarvensis (Huds) and wild oat (AvenaludovicianaDurieu.) and inthe spring rain-fed chickpea the common liquorice(GlycyrrhizaglabraL.) and Torilisarvensis(Huds) had the highest frequency, uniformity, density and abundance index. Generally we can conclude that the cropping system could affect the weed species diversity and composition.

VIEWS 1

Copyright © 2015
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Weed species diversity and population indices in irrigated and rain-fed chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)

Adim H. 2009. Advanced weed survey and mapping of weeds in Baloochestan using Geographic Information System (GIS). Final Report. Agriculture and Natural Resources Center of Baloochestan (Iranshahr).

Ahmadvand P. 2005. Weed flora of irrigated wheat fields (Tritcumaestivum) city of Hamadan. The First Meeting of Weed Science. Iran.

Amini R, Alami-Milani M, Dabbagh Mohammadi Nasab A. 2013a. Effect of different irrigation treatments and mulch on water use efficiency of lentil (Lens culinarisMedick). International Journal of Biosciences 3(4), 44-49.

Amini R, Alizadeh H, Yousefi A. 2014. Interference between red kidneybean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivars and redroot pigweed (Amaranthusretroflexus L.). European Journal of Agronomy 60, 13-21.

Amini R, An M, Pratley J, Azimi S. 2009. Allelopathic assessment of annual ryegrass (Loliumrigidum): Bioassays. Allelopathy Journal 24(1), 67-76.

Amini R, Namdari T. 2013. Inhibitory effects of prostrate amaranth (Amaranthusblitoides S. Wats) on common bean cultivars. Allelopathy Journal 32 (2), 63-76.

Amini R, Pezhgan H, Dabbagh Mohammadi Nasab A. 2013b. Effect of weeds competition on some growth parameters of red, white and pinto bean (Phaseolusvulgaris L.). Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 3(5), 86-93.

Amini R, Pezhgan H, Dabbagh Mohammadinasab A, Shakiba MR. 2013c. Growth analysis of eight common bean cultivars affected by weed interference. Technical Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 3(18), 2303-2308.

Dale MRT, Thomas AG, John EA. 1992. Environmental factors including management practices as correlates of weed community composition in spring seeded crops. Canadian Journal of Botany 70, 1931-1939.

Davis AS, Renner KA, Gross KL. 2005. Weed seed bank and community shifts in a long-term cropping systems experiment. Weed Science 53, 296-306.

Delafuente EB, Suarez SA, Ghersa CM. 2006. Soybean weed community composition and richness between 1995 and 2003 in the Rolling Pampas (Argentina). Agriculture Ecosystem and Environment 115, 229-236.

Derksen DA, Anderson RL, Blackshaw RE, Maxwell B. 2002. Weed dynamics and management strategies for cropping systems in the northern Great Plains. Agronomy Journal 94, 174-185.

Dezyanian A. 1991. Weed survey for cereal fields of Semnan province. Final report.Agriculture and Natural Resources Center of Semnan province (Shahrood).

Doucet C, Weaver SE, Hamill AS, Zhang J. 1999.Separating the effects of crop rotation from weed management on weed density and diversity. Weed Science 47, 729-735.

Dutoit T, Gerbaud  E,  Buisson  E,  Roche  P. 2003. Dynamics of a weed community in a cereal field created after ploughing a semi-natural meadow: Roles of the permanent seed bank. Ecoscience 10, 225-235.

FAO. 2013. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. FOASTAT database.

Hume L. 1987. Long-term effects of 2,4-D application on weed community in wheat crop .Canadian Journal of Botany 65, 2530- 2536.

Kuchake AR, Mahdavi Damghani A, Kamkar B, Farsi M, Rezvani Moghaddam P, Barzegar AB. 2006. Agricultural Biodiversity (translated). University of Mashhad. Iran.

Lair K, Redente EF. 2004. Influence of auxin and sulfonylurea herbicides on seeded native communities. Journal of Range Management 57, 211-218.

Menalled FD, Gross KL, Hammond M. 2001. Weed aboveground and seedbank community responses to agricultural management systems. Ecological Applications 11, 1586-1601.

Nkoa R, Owen MDK, Swanton CJ. 2015. Weed abundance, distribution, diversity, and community analyses. Weed Science 63, 64-90.

Parsa M, Bagheri AS. Bean. 2008. Publications University of Mashhad.Iran.

Poggio SL, Satorre EH, Delafuente EB. 2004. Structure of weed communities occurring in pea and wheat crops in the Rolling Pampa Argentina. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment 103, 225-235.

Poggio SL. 2005. Structure of weed communities occurring in monoculture and intercropping of field pea and barley. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment 109, 48-58.

Schroeder D, Muller H, Stinson CSA. 1993. A European weed survey in 10 major crop systems to identify targets for biological control. Weed Research 33,449-458.

Thomas AG, Dale MRT. 1991. Weed community structure in spring-seeded crops in Manitoba. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 71, 1069-1080.

Thomas AG. 1985. Weed survey system used in Saskatchevan for cereal and oliseed crops. Weed Science 33, 34-43.

Wilson RG, Lyon DJ. 2005. Chemical weed control in dryland and irrigated chickpea. Weed Technology 19, 959-965.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background