Yield loss caused by yam mosaic virus (YMV) and cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) on the varieties of Dioscorea spp.

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/08/2014
Views (162) Download (4)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Yield loss caused by yam mosaic virus (YMV) and cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) on the varieties of Dioscorea spp.

K. Séka, A.O. Etchian, P. K. Assiri, M. N.Y. Toualy, H.A. Diallo, N. K. Kouassi, S. Aké
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.5( 2), 64-71, August 2014.
Certificate: IJAAR 2014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The main objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of the yam (YMV) and cucumber (CMV) mosaic viruses on the yield of ten yam varieties. Forty plants per variety in a greenhouse inoculated with each of the two viruses were compared to healthy plants. The DAS-ELISA and TAS-ELISA tests have confirmed the infection of the experimental plants. Our findings showed a reduction in the mass of tubers in the plants infected by these viruses. A viral concentration decreasing from the apical portion to the base portion of the infected tuber was recorded. The results showed that YMV and CMV cause yield losses of yams. The use of the apical portion of the tuber of which serology is not known, could be a source of infection and viral propagation. The harvest of the infected tuber when the stems are still fresh decreases by 50% the viral concentration in infected tubers.

VIEWS 3

Amusa NA, Adegbite AA, Muhammed S, Baiyewu RA. 2003. Yam diseases and its management in Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology 2, 497-502.

Anonymous. 2010. Food and Agricultural Organization Statistics Database. http://faostat.fao.org/ site/567/Desktopdefault.aspx, 28 /10/2010.

Astier S, Albouy J, Maury Y, Lecoq H. 2001. Mouvement des virus. In: INRA, ed. Principes de Virologie Végétale: Génome, Pouvoir Pathogène, Ecologie des Virus, France, 89-117.

Asiedu R, Mignouna H, Odu B, and Hughes J D’A. 2003. Yam Breeding. In: Hughes, J.d’A and Edu BO, eds. Plant virology in Sub-Saharan Africa. Processing of conference organized by IITA.

Clark MF, Adams AN, 1977. Characteristics of the microplate method of enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay for the detection of plant viruses. Journal of General Virology 34, 475-483.

Degras L. 1993. The general morphology of yams. In: The Yam, a Tropical Root Crop. Cost R, ed. The MacMillan Press LtD., London, UK, 1-27.

Ettien JB. 2004. Intensification de la production d’igname (Dioscorea spp.) par fertilisation minérale et l’identification de nouvelles variétés en zone forestière et savanicole de la Côte d’Ivoire. Thèse de Doctorat, Université de Cocody,100-167.

Ettien D J-B, Kouadio K-KH, N’goran KE, Yao KA, Girardin O. 2004 : Improved the performance of a traditional variety of yam produced under ferralsol poor in organic matter in the forest areas of Côte d’Ivoire. International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research 4 (1), 76-84.

Eni AO, Hughes Jd’A, Rey MEC. 2008. Survey of the incidence and distribution of five viruses infecting yams in the major yam-producing zones in Benin. Annals of Applied Biology ISSN 153, 223-232.

FAO. 2002. FAOSTAT Agriculture data. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations. http://apps.fao.org/collections.

Jones RAC, Coutts BA, Latham LJ, Mc Kirdy SJ. 2008. Cucumber mosaic virus infection of chickpea stands: temporal and spatial patterns of spread and yield-limiting potential. Plant Pathology 57(5), 842-853.

IskraCaruana ML, Lheureux F, Teycheney PY. 2003. Les pararétrovirus endogènes (EPRV), voie nouvelle de transmission des virus de plantes. Virologie 7 (4), 255-265.

Karasawa A, Okada I, Akashi K, Chida Y, Hase S, Nakasawa-Nasu Y, Ito A, Ehara Y. 1999. One amino acid change in cucumber mosaic virus RNA polymerase virulent phenotypes on cowpea. Phytopathology 89,1186-1192.

Kouamé H, Diby L, Bah P. 2003. Influence de la mosaïque de l’igname et du shoestring sur la production de la matière sèche chez deux espèces d’igname (Dioscorea spp.) cultivés dans 2 zones agro écologiques avec différentes doses de fumures minérales. Mémoire de DAA, Ecole Supérieure d’Agronomie, Institut National Polytechnique Houphouët-Boigny, 20-38.

Mignouna HD, Abang MM, Asiedu R. 2003. Review : Harnessing modern biotechnology for tropical tubercrop improvement: Yam (Dioscorea spp.) molecular breeding. African Journal of Biotechnology 2 (12), 478-485.

Njukeng AP, Atiri GI, Hughes Jd’A, Hiver S. 2006. Développement de méthodes sérologiques pour la détection rapide, sensible et fiable du virus de la mosaïque d’igname dans les tissus filés. Tropical Science 3 (44),136-147.

Odu BO, Shoyinka SA, Hughes JA, Asiedu R, Ng NQ, Shoyinka SA, Oladiran OA. 2004. Responses of white yam (Dioscorea rotundata) cultivars to inoculation with three viruses. Plant Pathology 53,141-147.

Odu BO, Asiedu R, Hughes Jd’A, Shoyinka SA, Oladiran OA. 2004. Identification of resistance to Yam mosaic virus (YMV), genus Potyvirus in white Guinea yam (Dioscorea rotundata Poir.). Field Crops Research 89 (1), 97-105.

Odu BO, Asiedu R, Stephen A, Shoyinka SA, Hughes Jd’A. 2011. Analysis of resistance to Yam mosaic virus, genus Potyvirus in white guinea yam (Dioscorea rotundata Poir.) genotypes. Journal of Agricultural Sciences 56 (1),1-13.

SAS SAS/STAT. 1999. Users Guide, 5th ed. Version 8, SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.

Séka K, Diallo HA, Kouassi NK, Aké S. 2009a. Incidence du Yam mosaic virus (YMV) et du Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) sur des variétés de Dioscorea spp. Cultivées dans les régions de Bouaké et de Toumodi en Côte d’Ivoire. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Science 3 (4), 694-703.

Séka K, Diallo HA, Kouassi NK, Aké S. 2009b. Screening ten yam (Dioscorea spp.) varieties for resistance to Yam mosaic virus and Cucumber mosaic virus in Côte d’Ivoire. African Journal of Plant Science and Biotechnology 3 (1), 36-43.

Thouvenel JC, Dumont R. 1990. Pertes de rendement de l’igname infecté par le virus de la mosaïque de l’igname en Côte d’ivoire. L’Agronomie Tropicale 45, 125-129.

Thresh JM. 2003. Control of plant virus diseases in sub-saharan Africa : the possibility and feasibility of an integrated approach. African Crop Science Journal 11(3),199-223.

Tokpa G, Dumont R. 1998. Sélection au sein du groupe d’igname Krenglè (Dioscorea cayenensis-rotundata). Proc. 6 th Symposium of the ISTRC-AB, Lilongwe (Malawi), 22-28 Oct. 1995. ISTRC-AB, IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria, 426-442.

Thouvenel J-C, Fauquet C. 1979. Yam mosaic, a new potyvirws infecting Dioscorea cayenensis in the Ivory Coast. Annals of Applied Biology 93, 279-283.