Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.13(4), 64-72, October 2018
Papaya is one of the fruit commodities that has various properties, especially in the health sector. Health nutrients that affect the content in papaya are chemical properties. The chemical and morphological characteristics of the fruit in papaya experience many changes during the maturity process. This study aims to determine the chemical and morphological properties and organoleptic tests on some papaya genotypes. The design used was Randomized Completely Design with non-factorial pattern. The research treatment of papaya genotype was 6 levels, namely (USK 7 x USK 6), (USK 6 x USK 7), (USK 4 x USK 7), (USK 7 x USK 4), (USK 1 x USK 7), (USK 6 x USK 4) with 3 replications for the analysis of chemical properties, morphology and organoleptic tests. The results showed that each genotype had a very significant effect on the chemical and morphological characteristics of papaya. USK 1 x USK 7 is the best genotype that can be used as a superior new variety because it has a sweet taste with dissolved solids total is 9.83o Brix, the color of fruit pulps is red and bright, has medium size, and USK 6 x USK 4 has good vitamin C level is 77.04%.
Ali A, Muhammad MTM, Sijam K, Siddiqui Y. 2011. Effect of chitosan coating on physicochemical characteristic of Eksotika II papaya (Carica papaya L.) fruits during cold storage. Food Chem. 12, 620-626.
Apriyantono A, Fardiaz D, Puspitasari NL, Sedarnawati Budiyanto S. 1989. Food Analysis. Bogor Agricultural University Press, Bogor.
Astuti. 2008. Characterization of Chemical Physical Properties and Description of Papaya Fruit Flavor (Carica papaya L) Genotype IPB-3 and IPB-6C. Faculty of Agricultural Technology Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor.
Hutabarat OS. 2006. Study of Reduction of Chilling Injury Symptoms of Tomato at Save at Low Temperature. Thesis. Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor.
IFT. 1975. Minutes of Sensory Evaluation Div. Business Meeting at 35th Ann. Meet., Institute of Food Technologies, Chicago.
Kartika H, Pudji, Wahyu S. 1988. Guidelines for Food Sensory Testing. Universitas Gajah Mada, Yogyakarta.
Manenoi A, Pauli RE. 2007. Papaya fruits softening, endoxylanase gene expression, protein and activity. Physiol. Plant. 131, 470-480.
Muchtadi TR, Sugiyono. 1992. Food Science. Department of Education and Culture. General of Higher Education. Inter-University Center for Food and Nutrition, IPB.
Muttaqin T. 2003. Evaluation of some Morphological Characteristics 19 Papaya Genotype (Carica papaya L.) Breeding Results Balitbu Solok: Thesis. Faculty of Agriculture Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor.
Muzdalifah. 2012. Study of consumer preference to local fruits in Banjarbaru City. J. Agrides. 02, 297-309.
Rafikasari I. 2006. Age quotient and papaya fruit quality (Carica Papaya L.). Essay. Horticulture Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor.
Reninda D. 2006. Physical and chemical characteristics of papaya fruit in three ages of fruit picking. Essay. Horticulture Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture. Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor.
Rosa M. 2004. Morphological performance and quality of papaya from four populations of papaya in Bogor. Essay. Department of Agricultural Cultivation, Faculty of Agriculture. Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor.
Serry NKH. 2011. Postharvest handling of Solo papaya fruits harvested at different maturity stages. American-Eurasian. J. Agric Environ Sci. 11(2), 205-210.
Soekarto S. 2002. Organoleptic Assessment for Food Industry and Agricultural Products. Bharata Karya Aksara, Jakarta.
Sjaifullah. 1997. Instructions for Choosing Fresh Fruits. Print 2nd. Self-Helping Spreader, Jakarta.
Waghmare Annapura. 2013. Combined effect of chemical treatment and/or modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) on quality of fresh cut papaya. Posharvest Biology and Trchnology. 85, 147-153.
Winarno FG. 2004. Food and Nutrition Chemicals. PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta.
Yon RMD, Serrano EP. 1994. Handling Systems. P 105-110. In Yon, R.Md. (Ed.). Papaya: Fruit Development, Postharvest Physiology, Handling and Marketing in ASEAN. ASEAN Food Handling Bureau. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.