Detection of mycotoxins through nanobiosensors based on nanostructured materials: A review

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Review Paper 01/05/2019
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Detection of mycotoxins through nanobiosensors based on nanostructured materials: A review

Nadezhda Sertova, Maya Ignatova
Int. J. Biosci.14( 5), 106-115, May 2019.
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Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by fungi which can affect a variety of feedstuffs.These compounds elicit toxicological effects which represent risk for both humans and animals. Several sensitive methods for detection of mycotoxins based on chromatographic or immunochemical techniques are currently commercially available. The toxicity of mycotoxins occurs at very low concentrations, consequently there is a need of sensitive and reliable methods for their detection.The emerging nanotechnology has opened novel opportunities to explore analytical applications of the fabricated nano-sized materials. With the advent of nanotechnology and its impact on developing ultrasensitive devices, mycotoxins analysis is benefiting also from the advances taking place in applying nanomaterials in sensors development. During the last years, the highlight was put on nanoscale materials included in biosensors, which were some of the smart devices used for biomolecular detection. The using of nanoscale materials for biosensing systems has seen explosive increase in the recent years. The nanostructures such as nanoparticles, nanowires and nanorods could be considered as promising materials for construction of biosensors, facilitating the great improvement of the selectivity and sensitivity of the current methods. Implementation of nanomaterials in the fabrication of nanobiosensors and their use for the detection of mycotoxins in food and feed is the centre focus of interest of the current research work of many scientists.


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