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Growth, rhizome yield and biochemical components of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) as influenced by mycorrhizae, poultry droppings and chemical fertilizers

Tchiaze Ifoue Alice Virginie, Choula Fridolin, Dongho Dongmo Fabrice Fabien, Kedi Mekem Doriane, Fotso, Taffouo Victor Desire

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Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.21(5), 35-49, November 2022

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Abstract

The work aimed at contributing to the agricultural valuation of poultry droppings and mycorrhizal biofertilizers in order to increase the productivity of Curcuma longa L. (turmeric).  Thereby, the effect of some amendments on the growth, the composition of some biochemical and mineral components of C. longa was studied during 23 weeks of cultivation in a greenhouse.  The experimental device was a completely randomized block with five treatments (T0= control; T1= poultry droppings; T2= NPK; T3= mycorrhizae; T4= poultry droppings + mycorrhizae). Concerning growth parameters, the T4 improves the height of the stems (38.1 ± 2.8cm), the basal stem diameter (9.2 ± 1.0mm) and the dry biomass of the leafy stems (16.2 ± 2.3g).  Concerning the roots, the best results were obtained by T1 (4.3 ± 1.6g). The best results on the productivity of fresh rhizomes of C. longa, have been obtained to the T4 (308.8 ± 43.2g). According to biochemical components, the contribution of mycorrhizae and droppings increased the carotenoids content with the respective values of 2.63 ± 0.1g/l and 2.75 ± 0.1g/l.  For the mineral constituents, the contribution of the T4 and T1 obtained better results in minerals such as: N and Fe inmg/100g DW.  The results show the importance of using the droppings of laying hens in combination with mycorrhizae. It was found to be very promoting the turmeric plants and therefore can be used as an alternative to replace chemical fertilizer usually employed for cultivation.

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Growth, rhizome yield and biochemical components of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) as influenced by mycorrhizae, poultry droppings and chemical fertilizers

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