Influence of temperature on physicochemical changes in mango fruit during storage

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/02/2016
Views (349) Download (34)

Influence of temperature on physicochemical changes in mango fruit during storage

Badshah Islam, Abdur Rab
Int. J. Biosci.8( 2), 138-148, February 2016.
Certificate: IJB 2016 [Generate Certificate]


Mango fruits cannot be stored for longer time at ambient temperature due to its highly perishable nature. By contrast low temperature storage may cause chilling injury. Therefore, the storage performance of mango cv. “Langra” fruits at different temperatures was investigated to optimize the temperature for storage of mango fruit. The experiment was laid out in Completely Randomized Design with three repeats. Fruits were stored at 5, 10 and 15 ± 1 ºC for 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 days and evaluated for fruit firmness (kg cm-2), TSS (°Brix), titratable acidity, reducing sugars and non-reducing sugars after completion of the respective storage period. TSS (°Brix) and reducing sugars increased with the rise in temperature and storage duration. Fruit firmness (kg cm-2), titratable acidity and non-reducing sugars exhibited an inverse relation with storage temperature and duration. The interaction of storage durations and temperatures revealed the highest TSS (18.67 °Brix) and reducing sugars (4.57%) in fruits stored for 30 days at 15 ± 1 ºC. Fruit firmness, titratable acidity and non-reducing sugars were the highest on day 0 however, after 30 days these treatments were higher (10.16 kg cm-2), (1.64%) and (6.92%) respectively, at 5 ± 1 ºC as compared to 10 and 15 ± 1 ºC. It was concluded that if the incidence of chilling injury is overcome, the quality of mango fruit could be maintained for longer time in storage at 5 ± 1 ºC otherwise fruits may be stored at 10 ± 1 ºC.


Abbasi NA, Iqbal ZM, Maqbool M, Hafiz IA. 2009. Postharvest quality of mango (Mangifera indica L.) fruit as affected by chitosan coating. Pakistan Journal of Botany 41, 343–357.

Abd El-Migid MB. 1986. Post-harvest physiological studies on Leconte and Kiefer pear fruits stored at different temperatures. Ph.D. Thesis, Alexandria University, Egypt.

Acosta RM, Neito AD, Mena NGV, Vaquera HH, Teliz OD, Nieto AR, Pichakum A. 2000. Effect of post-harvest temperatures on the development of internal darkening in mango (Mangifera indica L.) cv. Haden fruits and their quality. Acta Horticulturae 509, 401–412.

Ahmad S, Thompson AK, Hafiz IA, Asi AA. 2001. Effect of temperature on the ripening behavior and quality of banana fruit. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 3(2), 224–227.

Amin M, Malik AU, Mazhar MS, Din I, Khalid MS, Ahmad S. 2008. Mango fruit desapping in relation to time of harvesting. Pakistan Journal of Botany 40(4), 1587-1593.

Analytical Software Incorporation. 2003. Statistix 8.1 user manual, Tallahssee, FL, USA.

AOAC. 2000. Official methods of analysis of AOAC International. 17th Ed. Horwitz (Ed.) Gaithersburg, MD, USA.

Arjona HE, Frank BM, Jmes OGJ. 1992. Temperature and storage time affect quality of yellow passion fruit. HortScience 27(7), 809-810.

Bender RJ, Brecht JK, Baldwin EA, Malundo TMM. 2000. Aroma volatiles of mature green and tree ripe ‘Tommy Atkins’ mangoes after controlled atmosphere vs air storage. HortScience 35, 684-686.

Ezz TM, Awad RM. 2011. Effect of some post-harvest treatments under different low temperature on two mango cultivars. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Science 5(10), 1164-1174.

Gil A, Duarte I, Delgadillo I, Colquhoun I, Casuscelli F, Humpfer E, Spraul M. 2000. Study of the compositional changes of mango during ripening by use of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Journal of Agricultural Food Chemistry 48, 1524-1536.

Gonzalez-Aguilar GA, Fortiz J, Cruz R, Baez R, Wang CY. 2000. Methyl jasmonate reduces chilling injury and maintains postharvest quality of mango fruit. Journal of Agricultural Food Chemistry 48, 515-519.

Gonzalez-Aguilar G, Zacarias L, Mulas M, Lafuente MT. 1997. Temperature and duration of water dips influence chilling injury, decay and polyamine content in Fortune mandarins. Postharvest Boilogy and Technology 12(1), 61-69.

Gorny JR, Hess-Pierce B, Kader AA. 1998. Effect of fruit ripeness and storage temperature on the deterioration rate of fresh-cut peach and nectarine slices. HortSciences. 33(1), 110-113.

Hafeez O, Malik AU, Khan AS, Rehman A, Javaid QA. 2012. Impact of different packaging types and low temperature Shipping durations on fruit quality and marketability of Pakistani mangoes. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 14(1), 47–54.

Hassan MA, Ali MG, Ebeed S. 2004. Maturation and heat units (G.D.D.) of some mango cultivars. Egyptian Journal of Applied Science 19(5B), 553-571.

Herianus JD, Singh LZ, Tan SC. 2003. Aroma volatiles production during fruit ripening of Kensington Pride mango. Postharvest Biology and Technology 27, 323-336.

Iqbal M, Niamatullah M, Hussain A, Munir M, Khan I, Khan MQ. 2012. Performance of selected parameters of mango cultivars in muzaffargarh district (Punjab), Pakistan. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 28(3), 396-398.

Jobling J. 2000. Temperature management is essential for maintaining produce quality. Good Fruit and Vegetable Magazine 10(1), 30-33.

Junmatong C, Uthaibutra J, Boonyakiat D, Faiyue B, Saengnil K. 2012. Reduction of Chilling injury of ‘Nam Dok Mai No. 4’ mango fruit by treatments with Salicylic acid and Methyl jasmonate. Journal of Agricultural Science 4(10), 126-136.

Kader AA. 1992. Postharvest Biology and Technology. An Overview. In, Postharvest Technology of Horticultural Crops. Ed., A.A. Kader. Publication No. 3311. University of California, California.

Lizada MC. 1991. Postharvest physiology of the mango. A review. Acta Horticulturae 291, 437-453.

Magness JR, Taylor CF. 1925. An improved type of pressure tester for the determination of fruit maturity. U.S. Dept. Agric. Circ. No. 350, 8.

Manganaris GA, Vicente AR, Crisosto CH, Labavitch JM. 2008. Cell wall modifications in chilling-injured plum fruit (Prunus salicina). Postharvest Biology and Tecnology 48, 77–83.

Manganaris  GA,  Vicente  AR,  Crisosto  CH, Labavitch JM. 2007. Effect of dips in a 1- Methylcyclopropene-generating solution on ‘Harrow Sun’ plums stored under different temperature regimes. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 55, 7015-7020.

Maqbool M, Malik AU, Jabbar A. 2007. Sap dynamics and its management in commercial mango cultivars of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 39, 1565-1574.

McCollum TG, Aquino S, McDonald RE. 1993. Heat treatment inhibits mango chilling injury. Hort Science 28(3), 197-198.

Medlicott A, Bhogol M, Reynolds S. 1986. Changes in peel pigmentation during ripening of mango fruit (Mangifera indica, var. Tommy Atkin). The Annals Applied Biology 109, 651−656.

Medlicott AP, Sigrist JMM, Sy O. 1990. Ripening of mango following low-temperature storage. Journal of American Society of Horticultural Science 15(3), 430−434.

MINFA. 2007. Agriculture Statistics of Pakistan. Govt. of Pakistan, Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Economic Wing, Islamabad.

Mitra SK, Baldwin EZ. 1997. Mango: In: Mitra S.K. (eds.). Postharvest physiology and storage of tropical and subtropical fruits. 85-122 p.

Pesis E, Aharoni D, Aharon Z, Ben-Arie R, Aharoni N, Fuchs Y. 2000. Modified atmosphere and modified humidity packaging alleviates chilling injury symptoms in mango fruit. Postharvest Biology and Technology 19, 93−101.

Pesis E, Dvir O, Feygenberg O, Arie RB, Ackerman M, Lichter. 1999. Production of acetaldehyde and ethanol during maturation and modified atmosphere storage of litchi fruit. Postharvest Biology and Technolgy 26, 157-165.

Rab A, Sajid M, Saeeda, Najia. 2011. Effects of wet heat treatment (WHT) durations on the quality of sweet orange stored at room temperature. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 27(2), 189-194.

Rao DP, Mukherjee SK. 1989. Nutrient status in leaf and soil of some cultivars of mango in relation to yield. Acta Horticulturae 23(1), 286-295.

Rasmussen BJ, Stock AM, Ringe D, Petsko AG. 1992. Crystalline ribonuclease A losses function below the dynamical transition at 220K. Nature (London). 357, 423-424.

Rathore HA, Masud T, Sammi S, Soomro AH. 2007. Effect of storage on physico-chemical composition and sensory properties of Mango (Mangifera indica L.) variety Dosehari. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 6, 143–148.

Sajid M, Rab A, Jan I, Haq I, Shah ST, Iqbal A, Zamin M, Shakur M. 2012. Pre-harvest treatment of Zn & B affects the fruit quality and storability of sweet orange. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology 2, 1224-1233.

Salisbury FB, Ross CW. 1985. Plant physiology.3rd ed. Wadsworth, Belmont, Calif.

Sauco VG. 2004. Mango production and world market: Current situation and future prospects. Acta Horticulturae 1, 107−116.

Seyoum TW. 2002. The improvement of the shelf life of vegetables through pre and postharvest treatment. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Free State. South Africa.

Sivakumar D, Jiang Y, Yahia EM. 2011. Maintaining mango (Mangifera indica L.) fruit quality during the export chain. Food Research International 44(5), 1254-1263.

Steel RG, Torrie JH. 1980. Principles and procedures of statistics: A biometrical approach. 2nd Ed.McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, NY.

Subramanyam H, Krishnamurthy S, Parpia HAB. 1975. Physiology and biochemistry of mango fruit. Advances in Food Research 21, 223−305.

Tadesse T, Workneh TS, Woldetsadik K. 2012. Effect of varieties on changes in sugar content and marketability of tomato stored under ambient conditions. African Journal of Agricultural Research 7(14), 2124-2130.

Talcott ST, Moore JP, Lounds-Singleton AJ, Percival SS. 2005. Ripening associated phytochemical changes in mangoes (Mangifera indica) following thermal quarantine and low temperature  storage.  Journal  of  Food  Science  70, 337−341.

Thompson AK. 1996. Postharvest technology of fruits and vegetables.1st Ed., Blackwell Science, Oxford.

Tjiptono P, PE Lam PE, Mendoza DB. 1984. Status of the mango industry in ASEA. ASEAN Food Handling Bureau. 1−11 p.

Wen Q, Ma R, Dong Q. Xin Y. 2006. Studies on postharvest physiology and the storage technology of mango (Mangifera indica L.). Journal of Food Processing and Preservation 30, 670–683.

Wongmetha O, Ke LS, Liang YS. 2012. Sucrose Metabolism and Physiological Changes during Mango cv. Irwin Growth and Development. Horticulture, Environment and Biotechnology 53(5), 373-377.

Yoshida O, Nakagawa H, Ogura N, Sato T. 1984. Effect of heat treatment on the development of polygalacturonase activity in tomato fruit during ripening. Plant Cell Physiology 25(3), 505-509.

Youssef BM, Asker AA, El-Samahy SK, Swailam HM. 2002. Combined effect of steaming and gamma irradiation on the quality of mango pulp stored at refrigerated temperature. Food Research International 35(1), 1-13.