Sustainability assessment of an agricultural system based on environmental indicators, Khuzestan province, Iran

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/06/2014
Views (291) Download (9)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Sustainability assessment of an agricultural system based on environmental indicators, Khuzestan province, Iran

Nima Nasirian, Heydar Mohammadghasemnejadmaleki
J. Bio. Env. Sci.4( 6), 418-424, June 2014.
Certificate: JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

This study investigates the energy inputs and crop yield relationship in greenhouse cucumber production in different production systems in Iran. Data were collected using face-to-face surveys from 18 farms producing greenhouse cucumbers in north and south of Khuzestan province. The results indicated the total average energy input of 565 MJ/m2 and 400 MJ/m2 for greenhouse cucumber production in northern and southern area respectively. The highest share in energy consumption belonged to diesel fuel (97%). The lowest total energy input belonged to cucumber production in 3000 m2 (345 MJ/m2) and 1000 m2 (376.6 MJ/m2) area in the southern part, whereas the highest energy consumption observed for cucumber production in the north part of the province as 614.5 MJ/m2 in 3000 m2 area. Results also determined the highest value of energy productivity in 3000 m2 (0.025 kg/MJ) and 1000 m2 (0.024 kg/MJ) for cucumber production in the southern part. In addition, the Cobb Douglas production function was applied to test the relationship among different forms of energy consumption. The regression results revealed that the coefficients of determination (R2) between yield and total energy input for cucumber in greenhouse production were 0.95. In addition, the contribution of diesel (at the 5% level), electricity and chemical (at the 1% level) energies for cucumber production were significant.

VIEWS 7

Athanasios P, Papadopoulos A, Xiuming H. 1997. Effects of greenhouse covers on seedless cucumber growth, productivity, and energy use. Sciatica Horticulture 68,113-23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-4238(96)00961-2

Canakci M, Topakci M, Akinci I, Ozmerzi A. 2006. Energy use pattern of some field crops and vegetable production: Case study for Antalya Region, Turkey. Energy Conversion and Management 46, 655–66. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2004.04.008

Esengun An, Erdal G, Gunduz O, Erdal H. 2007. An economic analysis and energy use in stake-tomato production in Tokat province of Turkey. Renewable Energy 32, 1873-81. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2006.07.005

GSI (Geological Survey of Iran). 2013. (www.gsi.ir)

Hatirli SA, Ozkan B, Fert C. 2006. Energy inputs and crop yield relationship in greenhouse tomato production. Renewable Energy 31, 427-38. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2005.04.007

Heidari MD, Omid M. 2011. Energy use pattern and econometric models of major greenhouse vegetable production in Iran. Energy 36, 220-25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2010.10.048

IEA (International Energy Agency), 2013. (www.worldenergyoutlook.org)

IROF (Iran Meteorological Organization). 2013. (www.weather.ir)

Khoshnevisan B, Rafiee SH, Omid M, Mousazadeh H. 2013. Reduction of CO2 emission by  improving  energy  use  efficiency  of  greenhouse cucumber production using DEA approach. Energy 55, 676-82. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2013.04.021

Kuswardhani  N,  Soni  P,  Shivakoti  G.  2013. Comparative Energy input-output and Financial Analyses of Greenhouse and Open field Vegetables Production in West Java,Indonesia. Energy 53, 83-92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2013.02.032

MAJ (Ministry of Jihad-e- Agriculture of Iran), 2009. The Annual Agricultural Statistics. (www.maj.ir)

Mohammadi A, Omid M. 2011. Economical analysis and relation between energy inputs and yield of greenhouse cucumber production in Iran. Applied Energy 87, 191-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.07.021

Omid M, Ghojabeige F, Delshad M, Ahmadi H. 2011. Energy use pattern and benchmarking of selected greenhouses in Iran using data envelopment analysis.  Energy  Conversion  and  Management  52, 153–62. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2010.06.054

Ozkan B, FigenCeylan R, Kizilay H. 2011. Energy inputs  and  crop  yield  relationships  in  greenhouse winter crop  tomato  production. Renewable Energy 36, 3217-21. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2011.03.042

Ozkan B, Kurklu A, Akcaoz H. 2004. An input-output energy analysis in greenhouse vegetable production: a case study for Antalya region of Turkey. Biomass and Bioenergy 26, 89-95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0961-9534(03)00080-1

Singh H, Mishra D, Nahar NM. 2002. Energy use pattern in production agriculture of a typical village in Arid Zone  India-Part I. Energy Conversion Management 43, 2275-86. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0196-8904(01)00161-3

Singh S, De D, Chandra H. 2001. Technological impact an energy consumption  in rainfed soybean cultivation in Madhya Pradesh. Applied Energy 70, 193-213. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0306-2619(01)00035-6

Unakitan G, Hurma H, Yilmaz F. 2010. An analysis of energy use efficiency of canola production in turkey. Energy 35, 3623-27. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2010.05.005