The review of fire condition in Zagros forest and estimate carbon sequestration of plantation by endemic species in Northern Zagros forest (Marivan Region: West of Iran)

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The review of fire condition in Zagros forest and estimate carbon sequestration of plantation by endemic species in Northern Zagros forest (Marivan Region: West of Iran)

Fateme Ardalan, Maziar Haidari, Khabat Janati, Jahedeh Tekyekha, Soma Amiri, Azadeh Sajadi
Int. J. Biosci.3( 10), 240-251, October 2013.
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Abstract

Fire, as a natural ecological disturbance factor in forest, this project located Jashniabad village in the Marivan region, Northern Zagros forest, and western Iranian state of Kurdistan. To this project visited the forest and interviewed to Forest communities detected the major forest destruction in the study area. To afforestation of burned area used the native species (Quercus spp., Pistacia atlantica Desf, Amygdalus communis L, Cercis griffithii Boiss, Celtis tournefortii Lam, Romex sp. and Juglans regia L.) Two estimate of Carbon sequestration in the project of plantation in the first year used the sampling the in the seven plantation species. Seedlings were collected and their weights were measured by scales (gr carefully). For estimate the carbon sequestration used this formula (Carbon sequestration (kg) = 1.63× weight (kg)). The results of this study showed that the main forest destruction element in the Marivan and Zagros are fire, grazing, farm operation in forest, fuel wood and timber, mining, semi-parasite plant and non-wood forest production, but fire is a major element of forest destruction in the marivan region. Results showed that the quantity Carbon sequestration this (1 hectare) in the first year in one hectare is 97.3 kg. Overall results showed that the fire are a major element for forest destruction in the Marivan region and plantation by native and endemic species are suitable methods for rehabilitation of burned forest area, and one hectare of plantation absorbed the near 100 kg of carbon from air and soil. Authors suggestion to use the plantation by native and endemic species for rehabilitation of burned forest in Marivan and others region from Zagros forest.

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