Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Anthocyanin content of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) leaves as affected by salicylic acid and nutrients application

Short Communications | February 1, 2013

| Download 4

Abdol Rahman Rahimi, Sirwan Babaei, Kambiz Mashayekhi, Asad Rokhzadi1, Sheno Amini

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.3( 2), 141-145, February 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/3.2.141-145


IJB 2013 [Generate Certificate]


A field experiment was conducted to assess the influence of salicylic acid and some important macro and micro elements on anthocyanin content of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) leaves as antioxidant, at the experimental field of Gorgan University, Golestan, Iran, in 2007. Based on the soil analysis nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and zinc fertilizers were added to the experimental field with 75, 45,170 and 30 kg/ha, respectively. Salicylic acid at the rate of 10-4 molar, iron, magnesium, molybdenum and boron in a rate of 2-3 g/L were sprayed on foliage part two times at 40th and 47th days after sowing. Other plots were sprayed with distilled water. Results showed that application of zinc and nitrogen significantly increased and decreased anthocyanin content in coriander leaves as compared with control and led to the highest and the lowest rates of anthocyanin, respectively. Also other treatments did not show significant difference than control but phosphorus and potassium had negative effect on anthocyanin content, while other treatments increased it insignificantly.


Copyright © 2013
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Anthocyanin content of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) leaves as affected by salicylic acid and nutrients application

Latunde-Dada AO, Lucas JA. 2001.  The  plant defense activator acibenzolar-s-methyl primes cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp] seedlings for rapid induction of resistance. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 58(5), 199-208, http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/pmpp.2001.0327

Bongue-Bartelsman M, Phillips DA. 1995. Nitrogen stress regulates gene expression of enzymes in the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway of tomato. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 33, 539-546.

Burt  S.  2004.  Essential  oils:  their  antibacterial properties and potential application in food-a review. International Journal of Food Microbiology 94, 223-253, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2004.03.022

Chitra V, leelama S. 2000. Coriandrum sativum-effect on lipid metabolism in 1, 2-dimethyl hydrazine induced colon cancer. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 71(3), 457-463, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-8741(00)00182-3

Dedaldechamp F, Uhel C, Macheix JJ. 1995. Enhancement of anthocyanin synthesis and dihydroflavonol reductase (DFR) activity in response to phosphate deprivation in grape cell suspensions. Phytochemistry 40(5), 1357-1360, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(95)00480-U

Deikman J, Hammer PE. 1995. Induction of anthocyanin accumulation by cytokinins in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Physiology 108, 47-57, http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.108.1.47

DeMan JM. 1999. Principles of Food Chemistry. 3rd edition. Aspen Publishers, Inc. Gathersburg, Maryland.

Franceschi VR, Grimes HD. 1991. Induction of soybean vegetative storage proteins and anthocyanins by low-level atmospheric methyl jasmonate. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 88, 6745-6749.

Gallagher AM, Flatt PR, Duffy G, Abdel-wahab YHA. 2003. The effects of traditional antidiabetic plants on in vitro glucose diffusion. Nutrition Research 23, 413-424, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0271-5317(02)00533-X

Hopkins WG. 1999. Introduction to plant physiology. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Hilbert  G,  Soyer JP,  Molot C,  Giraudon J, Milin S, Gaudillere JP. 2003. Effects of nitrogen supply on must quality and anthocyanin accumulation in berries of cv. Merlot. Vitis 42, 69-76.

Hipskind J, Woodand K, Nicholson R.L. 1996. Localized stimulation of anthocyanin accumulation and delineation of pathogen ingress in Maize genetically resistant to Bipolaris maydis race O. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 49, 247-256.

Jeppsson N. 2000. The effects of fertilizer rate on vegetative growth, yield and fruit quality, with special respect to pigments, in black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) cv. ‘Viking’. Scientia Horticulturae 83, 127-137.

Khavarinezhad R, Mehranian S, Asadi A. 2004. Effect of salicylic acid on the anthocyanin content in Bellis perennis inoculated by fung. Journal of Science of Tarbiat Moalem University 4, 427-438.

Mealem-Beno D, Tamari G, Leitner- Dagan YL, Borochov A, Weiss D. 1997. Suger-dependent gibberellin-induced chalcone synthase gene expression in Petunia corollas. Plant Physiology 113, 419-424.

Meyer BS, Anderson DB, Bohning RH, Fratianne DG. 1973. Introduction to Plant Physiology. 2nd ed. D. Van Nostrand, New York.

Omidbaigi R. 2005. Production and processing of medicinal plants. Vol 2.Tehran. Astan Quds. In Persian.

Oren-shamir M, Nissim-Levi A, Ovadia R, Kagan S, Shaked-Sachray L. 2003. Increased anthocyanin accumulation in flowers and foliage at elevated temperatures is affected by magnesium treatment. Acta Horticulturae 624, 171-176.

Peng FT, Jiang YM, Gu MR, Shu HR. 2002. Effect of nitrogen on apple fruit development in different load. Scientia Agricultura-Sinica 35, 690-694.

Reddy VS, Gould KV, Sharma R, Reddy AR. 1994. Ultraviolet-B-responsive anthocyanin production in rice is associated with a specific phase of phenylalanine ammonia lyase biosynthesis. Plant Physiology 105, 1059-1066.

Routray W, Orsat V. 2011. Blueberries and their anthocyanins: Factors affecting biosynthesis and properties. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety 10, 303-320.

SAS Institute. 2001. SAS/StaTUserˇıs Guide.Version9. SAS Institute, Cary, NC.

Telci I, Toncer OG, Sahbaz N. 2006. Yield, essential oil content and composition of coriandrum sativum varieties (var. vulgare Alef and var. microcarpum DC.) grown in two different locations. Journal of Essential Oil Research 18, 189-193, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2006.9699063

Wangenesteen H, Samuelesen AB, Malterud KE. 2004. Antioxidant activity in extracts from coriander. Food Chemistry 88, 293-297, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.01.047

Wanger GJ. 1979. Content and vacuole\ extra vacuole distribution of neutral sugars, free amino acids and anthocyanins in protoplasts. Plant Physiology 64, 88-93.

Woltering EJ, Somhorst D. 1990. Regulation of anthocyanin synthesis in cymbidium flowers: effects of emasculation and ethylene. Plant Physiology 136(3), 295-299, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0176-1617(11)80052-0

Zare Dehabadi S, Asrar Z, Mehrabani M. 2007. Effect of zinc on growth and some physiological and biochemical parameters of spearmint (Mentha spicata L.). Journal of Iranian Biology 20, 230-241. In Persian.