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Research Paper | June 1, 2013

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Antioxidant capacity and phytochemical properties of raspberry species in Iran

Aezam Rezaee Kivi, Ramazan-Ali Khavari-Nejad, Gholamreza Dehgan, Farzaneh Najafi, Jafar Hajilo

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Int. J. Biosci.3(6), 145-152, June 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/3.6.145-152

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Abstract

Raspberry (Rubus sp) is a naturally growing in North of Iran. Antioxidant capacity, total anthocyanins, total phenols, ascorbic acid and total flavonoids of a number of selected raspberry species were investigated. The total phenolic contents of raspberry species were in the range of 414-683.25 mg Gallic acid per 100 g Fruit Weight. R. hyrcanus had the highest total antioxidant capacity (67.75) and total flavonoid (295.5 mg Quercetin per 100 g FW). The highest total anthocyanin was observed in R. hyrcanus (45.36 mg cyaniding-3-glucoside equivalents/100g FW). The range of ascorbic acid content of species was 15.63 -22.44 mg per 100 g FW. There are linear relationships between the antioxidant capacities with total phenols, total flavonoid and ascorbic acid. The present study demonstrates the potential of certain raspberry species, notably R. hyrcanus, for improvement of nutritional value through germplasm enhancement programs.

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Antioxidant capacity and phytochemical properties of raspberry species in Iran

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