Deficit irrigation affects on physiological and biochemical parameters of hot pepper grown in soilless culture

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Research Paper 01/03/2019
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Deficit irrigation affects on physiological and biochemical parameters of hot pepper grown in soilless culture

Adel F. Ahmed, Hongjun Yu, Xinyan Liu, Weijie Jiang
Int. J. Biosci.14( 3), 346-360, March 2019.
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There are limited available data about the effect of deficit irrigation on Hot pepper, therefore this study investigated the effect of deficit irrigation on some physiological and biochemical parameters in leaves of Hot pepper (Capsicum annuum cv. Battle) during plant growth to evaluate the critical period of irrigation for this cultivar for good growth. The plants were grown in a 1:1 v/v sand-to-cotton stalk compost and subjected to four irrigation treatments: 100% of water holding capacity (control), 85%, 70% and 55% of water holding capacity which were considered deficit irrigation treatments. All treatments were given to the plants at the first day of transplanting and continued during the whole growing season. Our results demonstrated that deficit irrigation had a negative effect on physiological parameters. Increasing irrigation deficiency exhibited a reduction in chlorophyll content and net photosynthetic rate, the maximum values were obtained at 30 and 40 days after transplanting respectively. And a corresponding increases in the activity of antioxidant enzymes. The maximum activity of SOD and CAT enzymes was obtained at 30 and 40 days after transplanting respectively, while the maximum activity of POD was obtained at 45 and 60 days after transplanting. The root activity also increased as deficit irrigation was increased. Lipid peroxidation membrane (MDA) had lower values at 30 and 40 days after transplanting. We concluded that ‘Battle’ hot pepper is sensitive to deficit irrigation and the period from 30 to 45 days after transplanting is considered critical period of irrigation this cultivar under our condition.


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